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Carbon Essay Topics & Paper Examples

Recent Trends on China Activated Carbon Industry

All Market Research include new market research report “http://www.allmarketresearch.com/wiki/china-activated-carbon-industry-report-2013-2015.php” to its huge collection of research reports. All Market Research announces that a new market research report is available in its catalogue:“http://www.allmarketresearch.com/wiki/china-activated-carbon-industry-report-2013-2015.php” . In recent years, China has seen a growing surge in terms of the production and demand of activated carbon with the export proportion ever declining, on account of intensifying environmental-friendly policies in China as well as accelerated trade protectionism carried out by European and American countries. In 2012, China’s production of activated carbon sustained upward mobility, with the output growing by 5.4% year-on-year to 521,100 tons; and the domestic demand surged by 13.5% year-on-year to 303,000 tons, while the export volume slightly decreased by 3.6% year-on-year to 232,500…

Different Types of Chemical Bonding

Compare and contrast the structure and bonding in ionic, covalent and metallic species. Relate the structure and bonding to the properties of the species. Ionic, covalent and metallic bonding are all various types of bonding found between atoms, but there are big differences between how they work, and what atoms they bond. Ionic bonding is when a metal and a non-metal are stuck together by an electrostatic bond. An ion is formed when electrons are transferred from one atom to another. As electrons have a negative charge, the atom that loses the electrons becomes positive, and the atom that gains electrons becomes negative. Atoms do this so that they can have a full outer shell of electrons. Electrostatic bonds then…

Oyster/clam compare-contrast

Oysters and clams are often considered to be the same thing but there are many differences between these two. They both belong to the mollusk class and are bivalves with a stomach, mantle, cilia and mouths and can be found in fresh or salt water, they’re many differences as well morphology, anatomy and uses. A bivalve is an animal that has two hinged symmetrically shaped shells; these shells are made of calcium carbonate and are both filter feeders. Although the shells serve the same purpose on both species there is a distinct difference of shape, size, texture and color. The clamshell is round and usually uniform in shape and size. Most clams tend have smooth, gentle texture with a gray…

Home Brewing for the Beginner

Specific Purpose: To inform my audience about the process of Brewing Beer at Home Central Idea: Millions of people drink beer everyday but are oblivious to the brewing process and the ease of making their own. Introduction: Knowledge is Power, Availability, Style, Main Points Main Points: I. Preparation II. Brewing III. Fermentation and Bottling Conclusion: Main Points, Taste Preference, Advanced Techniques (Cheap) An introduction to the Home Brewing process. Today I will be informing you about the fascinating process of brewing beer that millions of individuals enjoy as a hobby as well as a profession all over the world. Brewing beer has become big business for companies like Anheuser Busch and Yuengling. The days of prohibition are over and knowledge…

Aqueous Humor Formation

There is a constant flow of aqueous humor through the anterior segment of the eye. The aqueous is formed by the ciliary process and flows from the posterior chamber to anterior chamber through the pupil and exits the eye at the angle. The secretion of aqueous humor generates the intraocular pressure required for an optically efficient globe. The flow of aqueous provides nutrition for the avascular ocular tissues that it bathes, the posterior surface of the cornea, trabecular meshwork, crystalline lens and anterior vitreous.The volume of the aqueous in the anterior chamber turns over approximately once every 100 minutes.This constant flow of aqueous replenishes nutrients that have been taken up by the avasculat tissues and carries away their metabolic wastes.The…

Carbon, Phosphorus and Nitrogen Cycles

The carbon cycle starts with the reservoir of the carbon dioxide in the air, the carbon atoms move from carbon dioxide through photosynthesis into atoms of organic molecules that form the plants body. These carbon atoms are then further metabolized and are eaten and turned into tissue that all organisms in the ecosystem use. Half of the atoms are respired by the plants and animals and half are deposited back into the soil in the form of dead animal and plant matter, which are eaten by decomposers and transformed back into carbon dioxide. Humans impact this cycle because we are removing so much of the photosynthetic efforts of the plants in order to support our enterprises, we are “diverting 40%…

Advantages and Disadvantages of Carbon Fibre Reinforcement Polymer

Carbon fibre reinforcement polymer (CFRP) is an extremely strong and light which contains carbon fiber. Carbon Fibre Reinforced Polymer (CFRP) composite have been widely used in various applications especially used in the fabrication of aerospace structures and formula one body structures. Because of their low density, high strength and rigidity, excellent resistances to impacting and corrosion, CFRPs are widely applicable in various important structural components. Other fibers like Kevlar, glass fibers, and aluminum may also be used along with carbon fibers. Carbon fiber reinforced polymer-matrix composites (CFRPs) are manufactured by carbon fibers and resin under specific conditions. Especially in the field of spaceflight and aviation, CFRPs are exhibiting incomparable potential. Carbon fiber composites are considered for several reasons of properties….

Aldol reaction

In this preparative lab, an aldol (trans-p-anisalacetophenone) was produced from the reaction between p-anisaldehyde and acetophenone with the presence sodium hydroxide. The reaction also showed the importance of an enolate and the role it played in the mechanism. Sodium hydroxide acts as a catalyst in this experiment and is chosen because of its basic conditions and pH. The acetophenone carries an alpha hydrogen that has a pKa between 18 and 20. This alpha hydrogen is acidic because of its location near the carbonyl on acetophenone. When the sodium hydroxide is added, it deprotonates the hydrogen and creates an enolate ion. This deprotonation creates a nucleophilic carbon that can attack an electrophilic carbon (like a parent carbon of a carbonyl). This…

Uses Of Fossil Fuel

Fossil fuels consist of coal, petroleum and natural gas that are found under the earth’s surface, formed from billions of years of compression and decomposition of dead plant and animal matter. They are the leading source of energy for the mankind and are used for various purposes like energy for transportation, electricity, manufacturing process and also used in the manufacturing process of day to day items like plastic. Main fossil fuels are. 1. Coal Coal is a combustible black or brown organic sedimentary rock. It’s mostly carbon and is typically found in layers or coal seams. 2. Natural gas Natural gas is a combustible mix of hydrocarbon gases. It’s colourless and consist mainly of methane. Conventional gas is easily extracted,…

Irony in “Top of the Food Chain” by T. Coraghessan Boyle

T. Coraghessan Boyle’s “On Top of the Food Chain” is more than just a narration of a selfish person’s mistakes. The narrator’s tone is a literary element used to show man’s indifference for organisms that are of no immediate benefit or are a nuisance to them. _”The thing was, we had a little problem with the insects…”_ The narrator’s tone in “Top of the Food Chain” is quickly shown as self-centered in working for his comforts and indifferent to the havoc his choices make on the environment. Humans believe that we can solve everything that is put upon us, but there is always a catch. In this story, Mother Nature proves us that she can always be ahead of how…

Global Warming: Causes, Effects, and Solutions

Global Warming is the rise in the average temperature of Earth’s atmosphere and oceans since the late 19th century and its projected continuation. Many people do not see this as a problem. However, it is currently a huge issue that is often talked about among scientists and many other people. Global Warming is caused by many different things. Greenhouse gases, deforestation, and solar activity are three different proven facts that cause global warming. Global warming is not something that is going to disappear; it is only going to get worse if people do not start doing something about it. The main cause of global warming is the burning of greenhouse gases. Some of the main gases are: carbon dioxide, methane,…

Global Warming

In 1950, the matter was entirely peripheral, existing only in the minds of science fiction writers and a few unheralded scientists. In 1990 it was still, to most, utterly implausible. By 2001 a handful of plucky voices were expressing the opinion that it somehow COULD be possible. Then, almost overnight, other voices clamoured to suggest it wasn’t just possible, but highly probable. Today, it seems, we are resigning to the fact that the inconvenient truth is in fact true. Climate change is right upon our doorstep, staring into us like some giant awakening from his slumber, unable to contain his anger any longer, offended by the constant prodding and poking to his side. We occupy the driest inhabited continent with…

The Carbon Cycle

Carbon is the basis for all life on earth. This essay will explain the role of carbon dioxide in various parts of the carbon cycle. This essay will examine two main, and important parts of the carbon cycle, starting by explaining the role of the ocean in absorbing carbon. Next this essay will examine the human influences on the carbon cycle and human production of carbon dioxide. Thirdly this essay will explain what controls thecarbon dioxide concentration. The ocean holds a vast amount of carbon. Carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is transferred into and out of the ocean continually, maintaining a balance by dissolving in cold polar water. Plankton also play a large role in maintaining a carbon balance. Plankton…

Reduce,Reuse and Reclycle

Practicing these three steps (Reduce, Reuse and Recycle) helps us lessen the environmental impact that manufacturing and distributing products have on our environment. Reducing waste is the most effective 3 R practice, because it means not producing unnecessary waste in the first place – So there is zero impact on the environment. If we reduce what we buy and use in the first place and reuse wherever possible, fewer things need to be recycled and the amount of waste we produce will fall. The next best is Reuse, because it extends the life of a product. That item still had to be made but it is used over and over, reducing the need to make new stuff. Recycling in the…

Aldol Synthesis of Dibenzalacetone

The goal of this experiment was to synthesize dibenzalacetone by aldol synthesis. The name ‘Aldol synthesis’ was taken from the words ‘aldehyde and alcohol’. This is because the product of this reaction contains both an aldehyde and alcohol. The carbon-carbon bond-forming reaction is referred to as aldol addition. An aldol condensation yields many species of products if the reactant is more than one. Therefore, the aldehyde has to react with itself to yield one product. Procedure: Followed according to the lab manual. Results:DataValueWeight of crude crystal1.6 gWeight of recrystallization crystal0.48 gColor of crystalOrange-yellow% recovery of recrystallization:(0.48 g)/(1.6 g) ×100 %=30%Theoretical yield (from prelab): 1.177 gPercent yield(0.48 g)/(1.177 g) ×100 %=40.78% Conclusion Through this experiment, aldehyde reacts with itself in the…

Experiment on the Decomposition of a Carbonate

AIM: To carry out a lab experiment to decompose a carbonate using heat, also to carry out appropriate tests for the formation of products as a result of this decomposition. DISSCUSION: Carbonates are decomposed by heat into the corresponding oxides and carbon dioxide. The temperature of decomposition depends upon the activity of the metal; that is to say, the more active the metal, the more stable is the carbonate. Thus, the carbonates of sodium and potassium are stable at the highest temperature of a Bunsen burner flame, whereas the carbonates of silver and copper are easily decomposed. In this experiment copper (ii) carbonate will be decomposed at a high temperature, forming copper (ii) oxide and carbon dioxide: CuCO3(s) arrow CuO(s)…

Human Effect on Climate Change

Very few people doubt that it is normal for there to be climate change. The rotation of the earth on a tilted axis leads to this, as well many natural events, like volcanic eruptions, earthquakes and hurricanes. However, human activities are having a much greater impact on climate change. For example, the jump in earths’ population from 1950 through 1985 more than doubled from 2. 5 billion to over 5 billion. (Meyer, 1996: 24) The importance of this growth is a drain on the Earths’ resources causing even more altering. It is not as much the altering of these resources that are causing climate change but the type of human activities which are taking place, and the way in which…

The next 50 years for environment

If we keep going on like this we will soon run out of all the unrenewable and the renewable and the natural resources like: coal, fossil fuel, gold, oil petrol, gas and silver. We will run out of all the vitamins and minerals. There will be a lot of air, water and other pollutions and if there is pollution in the air there will be clouds and the natural vegetation and trees will get no sunlight. The trees will have carbon dioxide to breath and will all die. If the vegetation run out the animals will have no food to eat and they all will die and us humans will have no vegetations or no meat to eat even if…

Brita Products Company

1.To what do you contribute Brita’s success?The success of Brita in the USA market is due on the one hand to attributes of the core product and on the other hand to factors related to the market environment and successful marketing. •Attributes of the core productThe pitcher itself had the following benefits: it reduced chlorine and odors, it made water to taste better, it was extracting heavy metals from the water and the water was not depositing salts/sediment when boiled. •Market environmentInitially, there was no major concern to the consumers about filtering the tap water. However, the sensitivity that people showed about some health problems and/or accidents that rose during the decade of 1990, aided by significant publicity of these…

Natural Ecosystem: Stony Creek Park

My pick for this park was based on the fact that this was made in to a natural ecosystem in 1964. A plan was drawn to make this park by making a dam and creating a 500 acre lake in the center of a 4,461 acre land section from the stony creek (a tributary of the Clinton River). Once the dam was formed the lake was made, and the park came together. There are many plants and wildlife in this park, and fish in the lake. This park is a great place to go for any relaxation or for fun. There is a wide selection of things to do which include a full 18 hole golf course and disc golf…

Atomic Structure Electricity

1. Explain how being a metal, metalloid, or non-metal affects conductivity. Metal improves conductivity since Metals usually have small amounts of valance electrons which allow smoother movement through them. Metalloids can either improve or weaken conductivity by adding or removing an electron. Non-metals have poor conductivity because their valance shell haves 4 or more valance electrons. 2. Is the element Sulfur a metal or non- metal. Explain how you got your answer. Nonmetal, it has three physical properties of nonmetals/ poor conductor of electricity and heat. 3. In your own words, describe how electrons move between atoms to create electricity. The movement of electrons cause electricity by moving by traveling along other conductors, the movement of the electron cause energy…

IGCSE English Essay on Global

I recently read your essay about global warming stating that humans have not contributed to its existence. I believe that it is important to study both sides of this argument thoroughly before drawing a conclusion. Although you cleverly wrote an essay based on a couple of hand-picked facts, there is still another side of the issue which is yet to be told. I believe that global warming is a problem which has arisen due to the careless actions of humanity. Does denying global warming’s existence mean that humans can continue with their wasteful ways? After all of the arguments, debating, and disagreements, is global warming real? Its existence is undeniable. The real question is, are human-beings the cause of global…

Titration of Vitamin C

Purpose: The goal of this lab is to determine the concentration of vitamin C in juices and Real Lemon. A redox titration, involving an iodometric method, will be used to do the analysis. The samples will be classified by their Vitamin C content. Introduction: Although most mammals can synthesize vitamin C, or ascorbic acid (C6H8O6), from sugars, man must ingest considerable quantities of this substance. The National Academy of Sciences recommends the consumption of 60 mg of ascorbic acid per day. Vitamin C deficiency, which typically causes abnormalities in bones and teeth, was first characterized in sailors in the eighteenth century. These abnormalities were eliminated by compelling sailors to eat limes, a source of vitamin C. Many vegetables also contain…

Effect of Temperature on a Reaction

Materials: 1). 0.02 mol dm-3 Potassium Manganate2). 0.2 mol dm-3 Glucose3). 2 mol dm-3 Sulphuric Acid4). 50 cm3 Burette5). 250 cm3 Beaker6). Measuring Cylinder7). Thermometer (-10 to 110 oC)Hypothesis:By adding glucose to a solution of KMnO4 and H2SO4, the solution will turn colourless and it will take a specific time for the reaction to complete. By increasing the temperature, the time it takes (the rate) for the solution to completely change to colourless will be increased. Thus it can be said, that it is being hypothesized that an increase in temperature will cause an equal increase in the rate of the reaction. Method: 1). Using a measuring cylinder, place 50 cm3 of sulphuric acid into a 250 cm3 beaker, add…

Electrophilic Aromatic Substitution

lectrophilic Aromatic Substitution(1) Nitration of Methyl Benzoate(2) Synthesis of 1,4-Di-t-butyl-2,5-dimethoxybenzene byFriedel-Crafts Alkylation of 1,4-DimethoxybenzenePurpose1)To carry out the nitration of methyl benzoate, and then identify the major product formed (position at which nitro-group substitution takes place) by thin-layer chromatography (TLC), the percent yield and the melting point range. 2)To synthesize 1,4-Di-t-butyl-2,5-dimethoxybenzene by Friedel-Crafts Alkylation of 1,4-Dimethoxybenzene, and then determine the percent yield and melting point range. Procedure*Please refer to the lab handout 6 and Macroscale and Microscale Organic Experiments (Williamson, 2003). * Part II of the experiment (Synthesis of 1,4-Di-t-butyl-2,5-dimethoxybenzene by Friedel-Crafts Alkylation of 1,4-Dimethoxybenzene) was carried out by Ashley and me. Part I (nitration of methyl benzoate) was carried out by Jenny. Physical Quantity TableType of substanceMolecular FormulaMolecular Weight (g/mol)Density(g/cm3)M.P.(oC)B.P.(oC)Methyl…

Emissions Allowances

Polluter Corp, has recently spent $3 million to purchase emission allowances, with a vintage year of 2012, in order to meet the need for additional EAs in the fiscal years 2010-2014. They will also need to sell EAs, with a vintage year of 2016, in order to offset the costs of the purchase. It is to my understanding that the need for EAs arose because of the significant amount of greenhouse gases emitted by the Company’s antiquated manufacturing facilities. In order to remedy this situation, plans were made to upgrade the facilities in 2014. The reduced gas emissions that the upgraded facilities are expected to provide will render EAs with vintage years beyond 2014, useless, as they would no longer…

Beetroot permeability

Decide what you think will be the effect of alcohol on beetroot cell surface membranes and how this will affect their permeability. Write down your idea as a hypothesis that you can test, and support your idea with biological knowledge. Hypothesis “The greater the concentration of the alcohol the more red pigments (betalains) move into the solution.” Biological knowledge: The exposure of the beetroot cell membrane to alcohol makes it more permeable. If there would be no membrane there would be unrestricted movement of the alcohol and water molecules until equilibrium is achieved. The membrane prevents the movement of some molecules. However, higher concentrations of alcohol may denature some proteins as they have a tertiary structure. High concentrations of alcohol will…

Sovereign State and General B. Write

?The diagrams provide some information about the housing prices of 5 cities around the world from 1990 to 2000. Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant. The two column graphs illustrate the variation and differences in accommodation prices in 5 cities in 2 periods 1990 to 1995 and 1995 to 2000. Overall, while San Francisco and Beijing experienced a long period of stable growth, Rome saw a constant decline; Hong Kong and Sydney were subject to price fluctuations. With regard to San Francisco and Beijing, the 2 cities witnessed the climb in housing prices over the ten years of the investigation. In the first half of 1990s, this figure rose by 2%…

The Atomic Mass of Metallo

You may have noticed on the periodic table that the atomic mass of an element is usually not a whole number. That happens because of isotopes. An atom that is missing a neutron or has an extra neutron is called an isotope. They are still the same element; however, they are just a little different from every other atom of the same element. Most of the carbon atoms in the universe are Carbon-12, with 6 neutrons. A small percentage of carbon atoms are Carbon-13, with 7 neutrons, and an even smaller percentage are Carbon-14 and have 8 neutrons. Carbon-13 and Carbon-14 are isotopes of carbon. Atomic mass is calculated by determining how many atoms of each isotope type are present…

Why should tropical rainforests be conserved

Tropical rainforests are thought to posses more plants and animals than any other forests on earth. Most tropical rainforests are located around and near the equator, they have existed on earth for hundreds of millions of years. But they are among the most endangered ecosystems globally due to humans. They are an important part of human life and are know as the “lungs of the planet” they have many animals, and many natural medicines come from tropical rainforests. Because of there importance it is vital that we should try to conserve them. Tropical rainforests are home to some of the most beautiful plants and animals in the world, such as Jaguars and the Rafflesia flower, not only are they home…