Chapter 2 #1 (1/1)
a What are the most prudent decisions she can make about her responsibilities to herself and others? The most prudent decision she can make about her responsibilities to herself and others would be to turn it in to the airline. Using information out of the proposal would result in her dismissal because she would be in violation of her firm’s Business Conduct Guidelines. b What are the implications of those decisions even if there is no violation of law or regulation? The implications of those decision even if there is no violation of law or regulation would result in her being unethical by taking credit for work she did not complete.
Chapter 6 #1-5 (.5/.5)
1Distinguish between the following:
a Exploratory and formal studies.
“The immediate purpose of exploration is usually to develop hypotheses or questions for further research” (Cooper and Schindler, 2011 p. 140). “The goal of a formal research design is to test the hypotheses or answer the research questions posed” (Cooper and Schindler, 2011 p. 140).
b Experimental and ex post facto research designs.
“Experimental design is appropriate when one wishes to discover whether certain variables produce effects in other variables” (Cooper and Schindler, 2011 p. 141). “Ex post facto research design can only report what has happened or what is happening” (Cooper and Schindler, 2011 p. 141).
c Descriptive and causal studies.
Descriptive is finding out who, what, when, where or how much? Casual-explanatory is finding out why/how a variable causes change in another variable. “A causal-predictive study attempts to predict an effect on one variable by manipulating another variable while holding all other variables constant” (Cooper and Schindler, 2011 p. 141).
2 Establishing causality is difficult, whether conclusions have been derived inductively or deductively. Source? (1/1.5) Explain and elaborate!!! a Explain and elaborate on the implications of this statement. The relationships between variables are not apparent but what is clear are the possible outcomes. b Why is ascribing causality more difficult when conclusions have been reached through induction? The conclusion of extra information may be simply one reason of an observed fact. c Correlation does not imply causation. Illustrate this point with examples from business. The better a company goods and services are the more a company can offer its consumers. Low employee morale produces low employee productivity.
3 Using yourself as the subject, give an example of each of the following asymmetrical relationships: (.5/.5) a Stimulus-response
When I’m called on in a meeting to respond to question my mouth gets dry and I start to stutter.
I am one of few females in my family without children and I am sensitive when comments are made about my biological clock ticking.
I am excited about changes at my company and as a result I am willing to go the extra mile to meet an upcoming deadline.
My parents taught me to treat everyone fairly and now I demonstrate fairness in all that I do.
4 Why not use more control variables rather than depend on randomization as the means of controlling extraneous variables? Randomization allows the influence of the extraneous variables to equalize and control variables confound a casual relationship. Source? (.5/.5) 5 Researchers seek causal relationships by either experimental or ex post facto research designs. (.5/1) a In what ways are these two approaches similar? These two approaches are similar in dependent and independent variables. Also They both determine time order relationships.
They both attemp to eliminate the confounding effects of other variables on
the IV-DV relationship.
b In what ways are they different? Experimental design allows manipulation of variables and ex post facto research does not. Basically with ex post facto research it is what it is and there’s no manipulation.
Chapter 4 #7 Wrong question! Should be Chap 14#7
How can MindWriter’s existing database of service complaints be used to accumulate service problem information in advance of the proposed research? What information should be sought? It depends on the degree of information found in the existing database. Information that should be sought is the service centers past issues and the service center’s responses to the issues. (0/1)
BUS 642 (1st ed). McGraw-Hill Create. Retrieved from http://online.vitalsource.com/books/9781121130166/