Born the youngest of eleven children, Marcus Garvey started his inspiring life in the rather uninspiring town of St. Ann, Jamaica in 1887. Before his death in 1940, Garvey would revolutionize the way many Blacks throughout the world portrayed their lives and approached the White world they were thrown into. Garvey was revolutionary from many of his contemporary thinkers, Black or White.
His most extreme belief was that it’s impossible for white people to responsibly hold the best interests for black people. Garvey proclaimed an activist paradigm at a time a place when black Americans most needed hopeful guidance and social rejuvenation. Garvey believed that Black people had to unite as a common faction, not one that was divided by scales of darkness, or history of family DNA, all Black could unite under the Pan-African principle.
United, the rallies spread a revival amongst down trodden Black Americans, many of who were disenfranchised by White America, who only recently saw Blacks worthy of Freedom. After World War I, Europe and Africa proved themselves easy to carve. Territory boundaries were easily re-drawn on maps and countries grew, while others collapsed. The theory of new country, one founded under the principles of Garvey-ism, did not seem that distant to his followers.
Eventually, under carful structure that saw room for all members of the community, Garvey’s organization, the United Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) grew as a symbol of rebellion against the White rulers, as well as social gathering welcoming all Blacks with the same Pan-Africanist that united everyone. Garvey sought to revive the Black community through communal strength, societal willpower, and business gumption. As his organization grew in radicalism, it spread warning of rebellion, which naturally appealed to disenfranchised blacks in all parts of the world, many of who saw Garvey as the agent of an Earthly salvation.