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Biodiversity Essay Topics & Paper Examples

British Wildlife

Outline of species along with related anatomy, handling considerations and rehabilitation, release requirements Skeletal system Although the deer’s skeletal system is very similar to a dog or cat’s in terms of its basic structure, although there are some adaptations that they require in order to survive the wild. Deer have long necks which enable them to crane it so they can feed off low lying grass and other vegetation. Stefoff, R. (2007) Deer are prey animals and so they require adaptations that enable them to run fast and this is why they are ‘ugulates’, (hoofed mammals). Ungulates walk on their ‘ungulis’ which is a tough outer plate of a hoof or toenail. When ungulates walk, their feet or digits do…

Conservation of Biodiversity

Introduction Biodiversity also known as biological diversity is the existence of a wide variety of species (species diversity) or other taxa of plants, animals, and micro organisms in a natural community or habitat, or of communities within a particular environment (ecological diversity) or of a genetic variation within a specie (genetic diversity). (Oxford dictionary of biology). The root of concern for conserving biodiversity are increased loss of species, increased rates of deforestation and soil erosion, shifting of global climate due to human activities and the reason for conservation of biodiversity will be discussed in details with respect to its aesthetic value, medicinal importance and its ecological value. The concept of biodiversity is important in building awareness, knowledge, information, ethics, and…

Philippine Wildlife

Introduction The Philippine Wildlife has a significant number of plant and animal species that are indigenous in the Philippines. The country’s surrounding waters reportedly have the highest level of biodiversity in the world. The Philippines is considered as one of the seventeen mega diverse countries as well as global biodiversity hotspot. The world’s second largest archipelago country after Indonesia, the Philippines includes more than 7,100 islands covering 297,179 km2 in the westernmost Pacific Ocean. The country is one of the few nations that, in its entirety, both a hotspot and a mega diversity country, placing it among the top priority hotspots for global conservation. But deprivation of the forests due to illegal logging, slash-and-burn farming, and urbanization is stripping the…

Ecosystems and Biodiversity

Present paper seeks to provide the comprehensive analysis of ecosystems and biodiversity structure and value for the humanity. The thesis is defended that the balance of ecosystems and maintaining biodiversity are central prerequisites for avoiding the future crisis of biosphere of the Earth. The industrial activities of people negatively affect the mentioned balance and result in deterioration of ecological conditions, which are central for the preservation of life. Ecosystems The nature of ecosystems is inherently structural, systematic and functional. Ecosystem unites natural units of plants, micro-organisms and animals, affected by a given set of physical factors of environment. Every biological element of ecosystem shares the common habitat and is the member of certain food webs, creating interdependence within the system….

Prairie Dogs

“Prairie dogs have a significant effect on biological diversity in prairie ecosystems. More than 200 species of wildlife have been associated with prairie dog towns, with over 140 species benefitting directly…” (Williams 34). Terry Tempest Williams, author of the book “Finding Beauty in a Broken World,” delivers a strong argument as to why prairie dogs should be protected. Prairie dogs contribute to the welfare of animals around them in many ways. They create diversity, kinship and community. Williams also states, “They embody two million years of evolving intelligence” (Williams 33). They are social creatures, and they all live in towns and villages. They kiss when they greet each other, as a way of distinguishing one from another. Once recognized, they…

A Balanced Ecosystem – An Aquarium

The term ecosystem describes both the living and non-living components of an area that interact with one another. All the components are inter-dependant in some way with each other. An ecosystem may be aquatic or terrestrial. In an aquatic ecosystem rocks are needed for shelter and plants provide oxygen for fish. An ecosystem is balanced when the natural animals and plants and non-living components are in harmony- i.e. there is nothing to disturb the balance. With increasing pollution, change in migratory patterns, and rise of human population, many ecosystems are in danger of losing that harmony. Advantages It is difficult to find a perfectly balanced ecosystem but you can make a model at home and observe how the ecosystem functions….

Conservation of Biodiversity

4.3.1 State the arguments for preserving species and habitats. Why conserve biodiversity? The values of biodiversity can be classified as either direct values or indirect values (see pp.119-120 in the IB ESS Course Companion): • Direct values – can be (relatively) easily calculated • goods harvested & destroyed for consumption (eating) or sale in a market • generally physical commodities of some sort • private goods – value accrues to the owner of the resource • Examples: • food sources (‘heirloom varieties’ of many crops, i.e. corn/maize) • natural products (medicines, textiles, fertilizers, pesticides, etc) • Indirect values – more difficult to calculate • stabilize ecosystems (negative feedback cycles) • provide benefits but are not generally harvested/destroyed/sold • usually services…

Threats to Biodiversity and Conservation of Biodiversity

Threats to Biodiversity: Habitat loss is mainly due to human population growth, industrialization and changes in the land use patterns, poaching of wild life and man wildlife conflicts. Man has begin to overuse or misuse most of these natural ecosystems. Due to unsustainable resource-use, once productive forests and grasslands have been turned into deserts and wastelands have increased all over world. Scientists have estimated that human activities are likely to eliminate approximately 10 million species by the year 2050. 1) Human population growth, industrialization and changes in the land use patterns: Around 1.8 million species of plants and animals are known to science. The actual number of species have been existing is >10×1.8millions. Though new species have been continually identified,…

Wildlife: Biodiversity and Indian Wild Ass

India’s flora and fauna is matchless. In richness, variety and abundance it has hardly any parallel. India’s great latitudinal spread, encompassing a wide range of temperature conditions, makes it rich and varied in flora and fauna. The number of species of flowering plants in the country is about 15,000. There are about 35,000 non-flowering plants. The rich variety of fauna is in direct relation to the abundance and opulence of the flora. Both are inter-linked and interdependent in many ways. The flora depends on the fauna for its fertilization, propagation and spread, while the latter’s existence and survival depends on the former. There are about 350 species of mammals and 1,200 species of birds. More than 30,000 species of insects,…

Deforestation and Minimal Logging Advantages

Background According to the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) the country has now only about seven million hectares of forest land left. The illegal logging has contributed to the rapid deforestation not to mention the continuous release of permits to big logging companies. It is no wonder the country suffers from consistent floods and landslides all year round. According to the recent reports of National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDMC) about 262,107 families have lost their homes while about 1.355 million people have been affected. But this is only one of the many adverse effects of deforestation. Some negative consequences of it include disruption of water cycle, loss of biodiversity, and climate change. A. Is there…

Natural Heritage of Singapore

Being a land-scarce country of 714.3 square kilometres and having a population density of 7,257 per square kilometer (Singapore Department of Statistics, 2012), every hectare of land in Singapore is extremely important to us. Over the years, widespread urbanisation has led to about 90.2% of our land area being developed (Tan, 2006), exhausting much of our natural heritage in the process. Due to the limited amount of land, our natural heritage is insufficient to provide us with much economical goods; we are thus very dependent on imported food and material from other countries (Tan et al., 2007). Even though these goods and services can be easily enjoyed from nearby countries, our natural heritage is endowed with unique characteristics which provide…

Save Our Wildlife and Forest for Our Future Generations

Wildlife includes wild animals and plants collectively. As a human being, we need to live in amity with other living things on the Earth. It is glorious that Malaysia is a habitat of much wildlife such as tigers, elephants, lions, leopards and many more. We have to appreciate that our country has such balance ecosystem. It is reported that some wild animals encounter extinction. Those animals mentioned are white tigers. Humans should be blamed causing this problem occurs. Cutting down the trees in jungles destroys habitats of wildlife. As a result, wildlife loses their food and hence becomes endangered species. This problem leads to imbalance of ecosystem. It is important to preserve and conserve endangered animals. According to biologist, we…

Air and Water Pollution: The Gulf Oil Spill

On April 20, 2010, BP’s oil rig Deepwater Horizon blew up in the Gulf of Mexico, killing 11 people and unleashing more than 200 million gallons of oil into the water (Sakashita, N.D.). The spill oiled more than 1,000 miles of shoreline and a study from the Center for Biological Diversity shows that more than 82,000 birds; about 6,000 sea turtles; nearly 26,000 marine mammals, including dolphins; and an unknown, massive number of fish and invertebrates may have been harmed by the spill and its aftermath (Sakashita, N.D.). The spill of oil lasted for three months and in that time, did massive amounts of damage. After Deepwater Horizon blew up, pollutants were introduced into the air and water. The air…

Biodiversity

Biodiversity presents occurrence of variety of species and their natural community in which they live. By the definition it is “The degree of variation of life forms within a given species, ecosystem, biome, or an entire planet. It is a measure of the health of ecosystems and is in part a function of climate.” (Rutherford) Ecosystem is on the other hand, “ community and its abiotic environment”( Rutherford). Biodiversity exists in every ecosystem, weather it is big one, or just ecosystem of one garden, it has the same importance because without it nature loses its ability to perform major functions needed for life on Earth, as it is oxygen production. Trough this investigation, two different ecosystems will be explored and…

Wildlife Conservation in India

Nature is the major part that gave plenty of chances to flourish mankind. When it comes about doing justice, it’s all what nature do, but not us. We learnt from childhood to save others, to think for others first, and rest all the things. In fact, we are living all because of the nature. And when our turn came to save the nature, we are simply sitting back, relaxing as if nothing has happened. Therefore, the government of India started giving advertisements to save the nature or in easy language ‘Save Wildlife’. Many wildlife organizations are there who try to save and flourish the wildlife. Many natural projects and programmes have been undertaken by the Indian Government like Project Tiger,…

Importance for Wildlife Conservation

* Maintains ecological balance & the organisms have their unique positions in food chains, food webs which keep ecological balance. * Wild life contributes to the maintenance of material cycles such as carbon and nitrogen cycles. * For improvement and progress in agriculture, animal husbandry and fisheries the genes from wild life preserved as gene bank are utilised in breeding programmes. * Wild life provides a number of useful products like food, medicine, honey, lac, wax, resin, etc. * Colourful birds, insects, beautiful flowers, trees make environment beautiful. Nature… (Indescribable) Food, pets, traditional medicines Anthropologists believe that the Stone Age peoples and hunter-gatherers relied on wildlife, both plant and animal, for their food. In fact, some species may have been…

The Prairie Dog

Cynomys ludovicianus, known more commonly as the prairie dog, has more traditionally been viewed as the pariah of the prairie. However within the last year, attention has been drawn to these furry little rodents. They are extremely unpopular-so much so that for decades the Federal Government has tried desperately to eliminate them. What the government doesn’t know is that these creatures are vital to the survival and thriving of several species, and are in fact an asset to our world. Prairie dogs are rodents, closely related to their predator, the black-footed ferret. They live in complicated underground systems, or communities sometimes called “dog towns”. These dog towns are scattered across the prairie from Canada to Mexico. They graze, run rampant,…

Giant Panda and Wildlife Conservation

Wildlife conservation is the most important things in the world. And people have made a lot of progress in this field. In wildlife conservation, people try their best to protect endangered plants and animals, as well as their habitats. The purpose is to make sure that future generations will have enough space to survive and develop well. Countries all over the world have different agencies for wildlife conservation and plenty of nonprofit organizations also take part in the process of this activity. Various kinds of subjects are involved in the process of wildlife conservation. For example, people must use the knowledge in the field of biology and other sciences to recognize the species that are in danger, and to study…

Save Species and Ecosystem

Article – 1 In the past, there have been many endangered animals. Now they are extinct. Does it matter? Has our environment been affected by their absence? Has the quality of our own life been changed? The answer to these questions is “Yes.” It does matter if we destroy an endangered species habitat to develop more farmland, housing or industrial parks. There is a delicate balance of nature. If one small part is removed, it will affect all the other parts. For example, if certain trees are cut down, bats will have no place to roost. If they cannot roost, they cannot breed. If there are no bats, there will be no animal, or birds to eat certain insects that…

Applications of Geographic Information System

ABSTRACT This paper discusses the application of GIS as a tool in monitoring biodiversity with special reference to Pakistan. The major advantages of satellite data are that the large and inaccessible areas can be covered using a standard approach, with a uniform level of detail and at relatively low coast. Networked information like GIS and Remote sensing not only provides speedy answers to scientific problems and issues, but also broadens planet of possible questions on the conservation and sustainable utilization of biological diversity. Simply we can say that the GIS is associated with two different functions for a geographical perspective on biodiversity data and other environmental issues. (1) It contains a powerful reference base (geographic location), i.e. maps of natural…

Black Market

I. Introduction The black market is known for the illegal trade that is taking place. The market itself is hidden from the public’s eye due to the state of the goods being traded. We are all aware that this kind of industry exists, yet none is really doing anything to put a stop to it, especially now that even endangered species are available in the market. Or even if there are efforts being done, it is still not enough. Trading of some of the most endangered species there is may result to various effects and that’s what our report would tackle. Endangered species would always be connected to black market and so it would be included in this research. Basically…

Biodiversity and Forests

Protection and conservation of forests and wildlife are essential to maintain the earth’s health and environment. The earth is the only known living planet and it is because of its special environment and ecology which are life-supporting. Forests are part and parcel of our environment. They are one of the most valuable resources and gifts of nature. They play a key role in the maintenance climate, rain-patterns, water and soil conservation. They are the natural home of much type- of animals, birds, reptiles, insects etc. They supply timber, fuel, medicines, and wood for peeper-pulp and raw materials for many industries. The increasing depletion and destruction of wildlife is a source of great concern. One out of every seven persons of…

Impact of the Loss of Keystone Species

While a decrease in biodiversity derived from the loss of any species of plant or animal is a problem that needs to be given attention, there are numerous keystone species that have a higher apparent impact on their surrounding environment. For instance, the phylum echinodermata and the bivalve mollusks have numerous key functions in supporting their environment. All organisms serve a purpose in the food chain, these animals however have roles in filtering water, removing organic debris or even as markers of levels of toxicity in marine environments (Dupont et al, 2010). The echinoderms, comprised of sea stars, brittle stars, sea cucumbers and others are a number of vital keystone species for a number of reasons. The monitoring of toxicity…

Environmental Resources Worksheet

Using the assigned readings from Week Four, write a 50- to 75-word response to each of the following questions. Your responses will be assessed according to the accuracy of the content. Minerals 1. How do minerals affect society? Minerals have aided in the continuous growth of developing nations and also, “had abundant mineral deposits that enabled them to industrialize” (Berg, 2013). However, as a consequence of industrialization, “these countries largely depleted their domestic reserves of minerals so that they must increasingly turn to developing countries” (Berg, 2013). Also, minerals affect the global economy. For example, China “controls more than 90 percent of the global supply of rare earth metals, has also reduced its exports to other countries, in a move…

Cause Effect Essay Endangered Animals

Human beings, plants, and animals, are creatures that are a part of the world. There are a lot of species that we don’t know due to endangerment. There are many animals that our kids and our grandkids are not going to know either because now they are in danger of extinction. Many animals are in danger because of us, just think about it. Every years, we as a human raze, are causing danger to many animals. There are several causes of endangered species: habitat destruction, introduction of exotic species, and overexploitation. Habitat destruction is when there are some changes in our planet that cause terrible consequences. Natural changes occur at a very slow pace, and it causes a slight or…

Green Belt

Throughout this world we see trees just about everywhere. As children we don’t really pay too much attention to them other than climbing them, or finding ways to swing from them like a monkey. The thing that most of us don’t realize is how vital trees are to our lives, our water, to our soil, to our air, and to our atmosphere. Over the years the amount of trees in the world has been dwindling considerably to point that it has been affecting multiple areas. In one area of the world this was taking a drastic hit on the land. In 1977 a woman from Nairobi, Kenya named Professor Wangari Maathai realized this, and she took charge to fix this…

Biodiversity and Natural Resources

Biodiversity loss is a current issue that is affecting the environment around the entire world. Readings from groups like The World Conversation Union (WCU), The World Wild Life Fund (WFF) and The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA) have information concerning the loss of diversity in living organisms like plants, insects, land and aquatic life. The groups mentioned study the loss of biodiversity loss in our environment and how it affects society and life. The authors that publish information regarding biodiversity loss explore methods of conserving wild life and natural resources to prevent further destruction of our earth. Authors also make it noted to publicize the issue related to biodiversity loss to make the public aware of the consequences of destroying resources,…

Creation of ecosystems

Evaluate the relative roles of natural succession and human activities in the creation of ecosystems within the British isles. (40 marks) An ecosystem is a biological community of interacting organisms and their physical environment. Ecosystems can be changed by both human activity and natural succession. Ecological succession is the observed process of change in the species structure of an ecological community over time. The time scale can be decades (for example, after a wildfire), or even millions of years after a mass extinction. This essay aims to identify ways in which vegetation has transformed over time, and to evaluate the importance of both human and physical factors. The British Isles, located in the northern hemisphere is home to a mild…

Reducing Deforestation

Deforestation has been a global problem for the last century. It is considered to be global as every country is facing it nowadays. Deforestation is caused by chopping trees down, in order to produce paper, wooden goods, to expand territory for building houses and roads. The aim of my project is to give an introduction to the problem of deforestation. In my essay I am going to explain why it is global issue, to talk about some ideas how we can help to prevent it, giving an examples of different countries and tell how they are dealing with it. Even if this problem seems to us impossible to solve, deforestation must be solved in any ways. The main conclusion is…

Tigers

One of my most favorite things to do when going to the zoo is to see the big cats, most especially the tigers. The tiger is the largest of all big cats, and as of right now they are on the verge of extinction. The tiger is the top of the food chain in its natural habitat. They are a revered animal among many cultures and are considered to be one of the most beautiful animals on the planet. Due to poaching, illegal trade and the encroach­ment of their habitats, the tiger is now one of the most threatened species on earth and on the verge of extinction. There are six subspecies of tiger today and all are on the…