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Betrayal in the City Essay

In scene 1 in the play Adika was killed during demonstrating, Adika meets his death, he was short four times for standing for the truth and to make matters worse, by a kinsman, they followed him to his grave and desecrated it. The old couple Doga and Nina are murdered in cold blood by Mulili, an agent of the oppressive regime. This is because they disagreed with him and as a result he gets some favors. Kabito is killed in cold blood after differing with Mulili over a tender supply of milk to Kafira University. In Prison Askari, claimed that he killed a man where Mosese and Jere are in and to him is a heroic deed. Doga and Nina’s son, Jusper, killed chagaga(sub-chief’s brother) and Jusper was seen dragging the body to the river and when a search commenced it was stated that, the body was found there and jusper himself confessed that he did the crime. IMPUNITY

This refers to a situation where one can do anything without fear of being punished. In Kafira state officials led by boss are not accountable to the people Mulili’s behavior portrays impunity when he talks aimlessly and he is not worried about the consequences so long as boss is on his side. Boss’ words are final and no one can reverse what he says, he governs by instilling fear into everyone. Those who oppose him and speak out like Mosese and Jere are taken in and others are killed.

It is wide spread in Kafira and it is pactised by state officials, we also have incidences where members of the public engage in violent acts. After Jusper confesses that he killed Chagaga, he mob attacked him violently. They threw stones at him until he fell down, after falling people ran away thinking he was dead. In prison cells, violence is used to silence government critics and aby act of perceived subversion is crashed ferociously at the earliest opportunity. Askari seems to have perfected this and confesses that he had killed someone in the cells. “I have once killed a man in this very cell”. We also see that Regina was beaten up by soldiers, forcing her to give false evidence against Masese. “Brutes! Murderers!

Beat up my innocent sister until she lost hearing in one ear. Why beat a woman? Why didn’t they beat me?” The deaths that occur in the play are because of violent attacks. Adika, Chagaga, Mulili, Kabito and the old couple Nina and Doga are all violently killed. Violence is also used in Kafira to silence those who are vocal to the dictatorial Regime and there seems to be no end in sight. Jusper alludes to the existence of violence when he says, “They come quietly when you are least expecting them and before you realize it, they have pounced on you like hungry leopards.”


E.g. “Like caged animals, we move but only inside the cage”. This is when Tumbo is telling Nicodemo they are defenseless in the face of numerous eliminations in Kafira. The image of caged animals stirs our minds to see the predicament the people of Kafira are in. It brings out the idea of repression and bad governance. CROSS-PURPOSE

When two people are talking at cross-purpose, they don’t understand each other since they are usually focusing on different things. The kind of play that Jusper thinks about is different from that Tumbo thinks of thus the two are speaking at cross-purpose. When Jusper asks Nina if he can go and confess, she says “Yes my son, go and put on a clean shirt and then you can confess”. Nina does not know that he wants to confess, since he killed Chagaga. She tells Doga, “He thinks he has killed you” Doga thinks otherwise, “It was his brother he thought he had killed.”

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