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Band of Brothers: E. Company, 506th Regiment, 101st Airborne From Normandy to Hitler’s Eagle Nest, Book Analysis Essay

Book Report
“Band of Brothers: E. Company, 506th Regiment, 101st Airborne From Normandy to Hitler’s Eagle Nest” by Stephen E. Ambrose

Band Of Brothers is the history of Easy Company, 506th Parachute
Infantry Regiment, 101st Airborne Division, from basic training to
D-Day. It follows the jump into Holland, the Battle of
the Bulge, and finally the occupation of Berchtesgaden and Austria. This is a rarity among military histories, told from the viewpoint
of the front line soldier, the privates, non-commissioned officers and officers who
carry out the grand strategy of generals. Many books
discuss the inner working of commands at Division and Army levels, but few detail the day to day life of the
soldier. Stephen Ambrose’s book does that and
more. It explores the how draftee citizen soldiers of
elite outfits like the 101st Airborne did, in World War II, defeat
an enemy like the well trained German Wehrmacht and S.S. In 1942 the Second Battalion of the 506th was formed and started
basic training. The recruits volunteered for the thrill, the honor, the extra money, but above all the desire to be better
than the ordinary draftee.

A description of the physical effort
required in basic training explains why a majority of the
volunteers never made it as far as the door of the airplane. When
the Company finally made it to Fort Benning for jump school, they
were in such great physical shape that they outdid the school’s
physical fitness cadre. After five jumps in December of
1942, the company qualified as Parachutists, and nine-months later
they were on a ship to England to train for the invasion of
Hitler’s Fortress Europa. Ambrose also details the nine months of training that the company
endured in England in preparation for the invasion. He
tells it from the viewpoint of both officers and men and explains
the final shift in Easy Company hierarchy just prior to D-Day. His
description of the night jump of the 101st in the early morning
hours of June 6, 1944, with men and officers scattered about the
countryside, and the confusion, heroism and chaos that surrounded
the successful landings at Utah Beach, is masterful. He
explains how the few outer roads from the beach are zeroed in by
German artillery, and that the job of the airborne was to nullify
the artillery and its defending troops. The efforts of Lt.

Richard Winters to fulfill that mission are one
of the high points of the book. As the book reports “By
this time, about 0700, E Company consisted of two light
machine-guns, one bazooka (no ammunition), one 60mm mortar, nine
rifleman, and two officers.” Lt. Winters was in charge. With less
than 100 men assembled in the battalion, the commander could only
afford to send Easy Company to attack and overrun a four gun German
battery defended by a fifty-man platoon. As the book puts it, quoting one of the men, “Here the training paid off. `We fought as
a team without standout stars,’ Lipton said. `We were like a
machine. We didn’t have anyone who leaped up and charged a
machine-gun. We knocked it out or made it withdraw by
maneuver and teamwork or mortar fire. We were smart;
there weren’t many flashy heroics. We had learned that heroics was
the way to get killed without getting the job done, and getting the
job done was more important.” Three hours after the attack
commenced, it was completed successfully. Easy Company went on to fight through Normandy until June 29th when
it was pulled out of line and sent to a field camp near Utah
Beach. They had jumped into Normandy with an effective
strength of 139 men and officers and ended up with

Ambrose’s description of those few days from the
night jump to their last fight at Carentan is magnificent. The book next describes the company’s jump into Holland, near the
Rhine River, where they fought through November of 1944, and then
on to Bastogne, to again become front line troops in the historic
Battle of the Bulge. Easy Company was the first Allied
troops to occupy Hitler’s mountain retreat at
Berchtesgaden. After occupation duty in Austria, the
company and battalion were sent back to a small town near Paris,
and on November 30, 1945, the 101st was deactivated. As Ambrose
puts it, “The Company had been born in July 1942 at
Toccoa. Its existence essentially came to an end almost
exactly three years later. In those three years the men had
seen more, endured more and contributed more than most men can see, endure or contribute in a lifetime.” Band Of Brothers
describes those eventful three years in such a way as to make the
reader experience them too. I think Ambrose did very well telling the story of Easy Company because, as stated above, I felt that I was able to experience the three years very well. I am not much of a reader, but enjoyed reading the book very much. I love American history and I have an interest in the military.

Having participated in JROTC in high school for 4 years and doing ROTC my first year in college, I was able to understand the roles and concepts presented in the book. One theme I saw a lot in the book was the feeling and thought of brotherhood. The title of the book is Band of Brothers and Ambrose did a very good job of conveying the soldiers’ brotherhood through out the book. Starting at the beginning, when they are training, the soldiers’ trained together, worked together, and suffered together. As a team, working together is key, and the soldiers of the 101st Airborne identified that concept early on and kept it strong. One phrase I saw quite a few times was “follow me”. I think Ambrose included that phrase so much because it shows the leadership and brotherhood. They helped each other and led each other to success and improvement. From the American history perspective, I loved this book! I have been learning about World War 2 for several years now, including this year in this American History class with the great Keith Maljean, but this is the first time I learned from the soldiers’ perspectives. Ambrose did a phenomenal job of interviewing the members of the 101st Airborne and recounting their stories. Reading the book, I felt like I was right there with them on their first jump, landing in France, and at the first mention of the Airborne division.

Volunteering for something new, not knowing what was going to happen. Literally jumping into an unknown, new division of the Army. I embarked with them on the fight to defeat Germany and bring an end to the Nazis. I feel that I gained a better understanding of the American soldier in the World War 2 era, and it is nothing like the American soldier nowadays. Today, our armed forces are facing things that we have seen before, for the most part. Back in the World War 2 era, the soldiers were facing new ships, vehicles, aircrafts, artillery, rocketry, small arms, and biological, chemical, and atomic weapons. It was a very scary time for the soldiers not knowing what was coming or how bad it is. Through the stories in Band of Brothers, I was able to understand what the life of the soldier was like and how they adapted to the new weaponry. When I first heard that I was going to have to do a book report for this class, I was completely dreading it due to my lack of joy for reading and writing, but I am glad that I stumbled across this book because I don’t know if I would have been able to find a book as good as this. Stephen Ambrose is a brilliant writer and recounted the stories of the men from the 101st Airborne with great detail. It was entertaining, informative, and all around life changing. This book reinforced the concept of brotherhood and gave me a great perspective of World War 2 from a soldier’s point of view. I would definitely recommend this book to anyone interested in American History or just looking for a good read.

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