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Balance Essay Topics & Paper Examples

Functional Strategies

This paper discusses some functional strategies use by an organization’s various functional departments to support the corporate & competitive strategy. The managers play key role in forming these strategies. This also known as operational method to implement the tactics for internal departments. This includes Operation, marketing and finance strategies. Introduction The key strategies for the developments of the organizational capabilities of the business enterprise are Operations, Marketing and Finance. The managers need to balance all three strategies for successful outcome. In Operational strategy the management involves in make or buy analysis. Where as in Marketing strategy the management is busy with their resources and how to allocate these resources with optimum opportunities and achieving sustainable competition. The last in finance,…

Balance scorecard

Wegmans Food Markets utilized an equalization scorecard to develop their solid business. An adjusted scorecard is intended to decipher the general mission for an organization. The scorecard investigation endeavors to quantify and give input to associations with a specific end goal to help in executing systems and targets. It characterizes the objectives and target organizations vision and SWOTT examination. Wegmans Food Market likewise utilizes the offset scorecard to enhance various interior capacities inside their organization. Financial Perspective The money related point of view reports the inquiry of how shareholders see the firm budgetary objectives. The particular objectives rely on upon the organization’s life cycle. Life cycle is cases of the organization harvest stage, development stage and supports stage. Wegmans Food…

U.S. Trade Analysis with other Countries

Abstract Purpose- This paper presents the analysis of U.S. imports and exports by managing the trade balance. It also presents the leading U.S. imports and exports in terms of value along with the important partners. Design/methodology/approach- The author explains the balance of trade including the rise and fall of U.S. trade deficit using the analysis between different countries imports and exports. Research limitations/implications- The study is limited to analysis of imports, exports, trade surplus and deficit of U.S. trading. Originality/value- This paper will help to build up the understanding about the basic imports, exports and importance of balancing the trade cycle for a country. Keywords- Deficit, Import, Export, Surplus, Economy Introduction Every country has to follow a set of policies,…

Proforma: Generally Accepted Accounting Principles and Judgmental Approach

In addition to forecasting cash flows, managers and investors are also interested in forecasts of the firm’s financial statements. These projected financial statements are called pro forma financial statements. They give both the management and investors an insight into what the financial statements will look like in the future and a signal as to any need to raise long-term funds. The starting point in the creation of the pro forma financial statements is the construction of the pro forma income statement (do you remember why? ). Like the cash budget, it also relies heavily on the sales forecast. Significant errors in the sales forecast will result in errors in the income statement which, in turn, will cause errors on the…

Cost of Goods Checkpoint

A multi-step income statement for a trading business highlights the fact that between 40% and 60% of revenue from sales is accounted for as the cost of goods sold. The cost of goods attributed to a company’s products is expensed as the company sells these goods. There are several ways to calculate COGS but one of the more basic ways is to start with the beginning inventory for the period and add the total amount of purchases made during the period then deducting the ending inventory. (According to Kimmel, Weygandt, and Kieso), cost of goods sold is found by taking the cost of goods available for sale (beginning merchandise inventory + net purchase), less the ending merchandise inventory (p. 244)….

Bessrawl Corporation

1). Inventory: – Under U. S. GAAP, Bessrawl Corporation is allowed to report inventory on its balance sheet at lower of cost or market. Market in this case is defined as replacement cost ($180,000) with net realizable value ($190,000) as ceiling and net realizable value minus a normal profit ($190,000 – $38,000 = $152,000) as a floor. Cost of inventory is $250,000. Since market is lower than cost, inventory is written down to replacement cost of $180,000 and reported on the company’s balance sheet at December 31, 2011. This also led to a loss of $70,000 reported on the company’s income statement for December 31, 2011. However, under IFRS, Bessrawl Corporation had the option to report inventory on its December…

Cost of Goods Checkpoint

A multi-step income statement for a trading business highlights the fact that between 40% and 60% of revenue from sales is accounted for as the cost of goods sold. The cost of goods attributed to a company’s products is expensed as the company sells these goods. There are several ways to calculate COGS but one of the more basic ways is to start with the beginning inventory for the period and add the total amount of purchases made during the period then deducting the ending inventory. (According to Kimmel, Weygandt, and Kieso), cost of goods sold is found by taking the cost of goods available for sale (beginning merchandise inventory + net purchase), less the ending merchandise inventory (p. 244)….

Financial analysis of infosys and wipro

Financial analysis (also referred to as financial statement analysis or accounting analysis or Analysis of finance) refers to an assessment of the viability, stability and profitability of a business, sub-business or project. It is performed by professionals who prepare reports using ratios that make use of information taken from financial statements and other reports. These reports are usually presented to top management as one of their bases in making business decisions. Financial Analysis Tools : Financial analysis tools are one of the most efficient ways that can be used for ensuring good profit from your investments. These financial analysis tools are highly helpful in evaluating the market and investing in a way so as to maximize the profit from the…

The remaining questions are based on the following proposal

A financial services provider that provides computer software systems approaches you. The company started off as a small private company and has grown strongly over the past fifteen years and listed on the Australian Stock Exchange. The company has businesses in many off-shore locations, all of which are well-developed capital markets. In some parts of the world, the company has near-monopoly markets. As part of its strategy, the company uses acquisitions rather than growth to continue to expand the business. While the business is software based, it relies on continued activity in the financial markets. The company has had the same management over the past fifteen years and the senior management team are shareholders in the company. The company is…

Determining the Accounting for Receivables from Officers and Directors

Philadelphia Communications Inc. (“Philly”) is a public company that completed an initial public offering (IPO) a few months ago. John Sigar is the current CEO and member of the board of directors. He is the only family member involved in the business and owns significant amount of the company’s stock. While, we were doing audit testing for accounts receivable we came across number of Notes Receivable from several Mr Sigar’s cousins. They have taken advances frequently but never failed to pay when they came due. The notes are secured by shares of Philly’s convertible preferred stock, which were purchased by the family members following IPO. The receivable support provided by the client doesn’t specify interest payment terms for these notes….

Assets and Liabilities

Asset is an item of value owned by the company. Assets can be tangible i. e. those which have some physical existence or can be intangible i. e. which do not exist in physical form but can be held in the form of contracts or rights. Assets are usually grouped in order of liquidity (ease of conversion to cash) on the balance sheet. Cash is therefore the most liquid of all assets. Assets can be classified as: 1. ) Current Assets – Those assets that are expected to be converted to cash in 12 months or less. This can be in the form of cash, accounts receivables, inventory for producing goods etc. 2. Investments – These are the investments which…

Emissions Allowances

Polluter Corp, has recently spent $3 million to purchase emission allowances, with a vintage year of 2012, in order to meet the need for additional EAs in the fiscal years 2010-2014. They will also need to sell EAs, with a vintage year of 2016, in order to offset the costs of the purchase. It is to my understanding that the need for EAs arose because of the significant amount of greenhouse gases emitted by the Company’s antiquated manufacturing facilities. In order to remedy this situation, plans were made to upgrade the facilities in 2014. The reduced gas emissions that the upgraded facilities are expected to provide will render EAs with vintage years beyond 2014, useless, as they would no longer…

Detailed Guidance

The key to doing well on this task is detail. Several sections require that you analyze information. This requires that you read carefully, think deeply and show your insight that you gained from the information provided in the case study. A1. Utah Symphony Strengths and Weaknesses When picking out the strengths and weaknesses of symphony there isn¿t a list to which you can refer. Rather, you will want to read the case study carefully and to use your insight to discover indications of strengths and weaknesses in the data provided in the case. Be sure to cite examples and to address all four required areas including: financial strengths/financial weaknesses & leadership strengths/leadership weaknesses of the symphony. The key will be…

Strategic Analysis the Balance Scorecard

Question 1: Describe Dana Company’s new strategic competitive position. The Dana Packaging Company has chosen a differentiation strategy. This is supported by the shift to producing packaging for high end products. These products require more technological sophistication and better materials for their packaging so as a result Dana is making their packaging more study, colorful, attractive, and better sealing. The other are that Dana has made it a point to differentiate is in their filling process. The packages are filled only at Dana-owned plants where they stress safety, cleanliness, and low cost to its customers in order to retain a high reputation in their quality of the filling process. Question 2: Develop a value chain for Dana. What are its…

Amazon.com,

The firm Amazon.com opened its proverbial doors for business in July 1995 with nothing more than a few people to pack books into shipping boxes out of a residential garage. Since that grandiose opening in Bellevue, Washington, Amazon.com has graduated from an extremely small business to one of the largest online retail stores in the entire world. As previously stated, Amazon initially only sold books and other reading materials and became a major competitor to firms such as Barnes and Nobles. Slowly at first Amazon began to expand the variety of merchandise available for purchase on their website. Today, because of the bold expansion of merchandise, Amazon.com sells everything from diapers in bulk to big screen televisions sets. It is…

Ebara Balance Scorecard and Communication Plan

Ebara Technology Incorporated Component Division is a subsidiary of Ebara Corporation. Ebara Technology is known as a Research and Development focus company, whose main subject matter is on research and development for its business operations. Ebara will always campaign for research and development to increase added value to the product and over and above research and development related cost reduction and manufacturing technologies, toward improving it competitiveness and profitability, (R&D – Ebara (n.d.)). Finance The financial perspective has the strategic objective in areas of the market shares, revenues and costs, profitability, and competitive position. On the financial viewpoint of the new F-REX 600 millimeter Chemical Mechanical Polishing System will increase the sales growth anywhere from 10% to 20%. This modification…

The Balanced Scorecard Case Analysis

“I submit that this paper is entirely my own work and agree that it may be submitted to Turnitin for the purpose of checking for plagiarism and further that it may be maintained on the Turnitin database in order to check for future plagiarism.” Balanced Scorecard Case Analysis Introduction When Thomas Schmall became CEO of Volkswagen do Brazil (VWB) in 2007, the company was facing major market share declines and financial losses (Kaplan, R 2011). Because of the intense competition in the global market, VWB could not raise prices on products shipped and so the export margins failed to cover the company’s excess volume expenses, therefore, he needed to define a strategy to bring VWB back to life. Schmall and…

Managerial Accounting

Because each display unit is a unique design and may require anything from a few hours to a month or more to complete, Brinkerhoff, Inc. uses a job-order costing system. Overhead in the fabrication shop is charged to display units on the basis of direct labor cost. The company’s predetermined overhead rate for the year is based on a cost formula that estimated $99,000 in manufacturing overhead for an estimated allocation base of $110,000 direct labor dollars. The following transactions were recorded during the year: a.Raw materials, such as wood, paints, and metal sheeting, were purchased on account, $82,000. b.Raw materials were issued to production, $93,000; $5,600 of this amount was for indirect materials. c.Payroll costs incurred and paid: direct…

GASB and FASB Accounting Paper

In this paper I will describe the different between GASB and FASB and their objectives of the two standards. I will also provide how to modified accrual basis of accounting in which they differs from full accrual accounting. The GASB sets generally accepted accounting standards for the government except the federal government and non-profit organizations while the FASB is for private and public organizations. The objective of GASB is to create and set accounting standards that would ensure that financial statements would be accurate for creditors, investors and to the public. The GASB really do not have the power to enforce compliance with the standards but the authorities for its standard are recognized under the code of professional conduct of…

Introduction of Apollo food holdings berhad

The Apollo Food Industry Company which is manufacturing compound chocolate confectionery products and layer cakes based in Malaysia. Apollo’s product mainly divided into two main categories. They are Chocolate Wafer products and Layer cake, Chocolate Layer Cake and Swiss roll products. Apollo Company is the leading company in Malaysia which produce layer cakes and chocolate confectionery products. These cakes are exported very highly to Singapore, Indonesia, Thailand, Philippines, Vietnam, China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Japan, India, Middle East, Mauritius, and Maldives. The company aim is to always fulfill the customer needs and requirement by using the latest equipments and technology. Introduction of oriental food industry berhad Oriental Food Industries Sdn Bhd was established in 1978. Today the company is in the…

Dell’s Working Capital Case Solution

Substantive Issues Dell manufactures, sells, and services personal computers. The company markets directly to its customers and builds computers after receiving a customer order. This build-to-order model enables Dell to have much smaller investments in working capital than its competitors. It also enables Dell to enjoy more fully the benefits of reductions in component prices and to introduce new products more rapidly. Dell has grown quickly and has been able to finance that growth internally by its efficient use of working capital and its profitability. Dell’s Competitive Advantage: The extent of Dell’s working capital advantage over its competitors can be assessed using data contained in Table A of the case on days sales of inventory (DSI) for Dell and its…

Financial Analysis of Sainsbury PLC

This report will focus upon the financial performance over a two year period of a FTSE 100 company. It will seek to ascertain how well the company has performed by scrutinizing profitability, liquidity, efficiency, gearing ratios and working capital. In addition to the aforementioned points, it will dwell upon economic factors to discuss the impact they have had upon the performance of the business. The FTSE 100 started in the year of 1984 and was based upon the 100 largest companies on the London Stock Exchange, and it is seen as an emblematic indicator for the strength of the British economy (iforex, trading section). FTSE 100 companies represent about 81% of the market capitalization of the London Stock Exchange (Nationwide…

Advanced accounting Ch 1 solution

1A business combination is a union of business entities in which two or more previously separate and independent companies are brought under the control of a single management team. Three situations establish the control necessary for a business combination, namely, when one or more corporations become subsidiaries, when one company transfers its net assets to another, and when each combining company transfers its net assets to a newly formed corporation. 2The dissolution of all but one of the separate legal entities is not necessary for a business combination. An example of one form of business combination in which the separate legal entities are not dissolved is when one corporation becomes a subsidiary of another. In the case of a parent-subsidiary…

Financial Analysis Johnson & Johnson

Johnson & Johnson is a name brand, which is known for providing quality products to consumers. The company focuses on the development of products related to health and well-being. The company has more than 275 companies, which are located in 60 different countries. It is the world’s sixth-largest consumer health company, the world’s eighth-largest pharmaceuticals company, the world’s fifth-largest biologics company, the world’s largest diagnostics company, and provides the world’s largest and most diverse medical devices (Our Company, n.d.) Summary of Operations Financial Position Johnson & Johnson’s working capital has steadily increased over the last 3-years. It increased from $9,529 (millions) in 2010 to $11,141 (millions) in 2011. It continued to increase to $12,973 (millions) in 2012. Johnson & Johnson’s…

ABC Co. Marketing Strategy Case

ABC Manufacturing Company is a manufacturer of fine furniture designed to resemble the furniture used in various historical periods. The company’s furniture is sold by approximately fifty dealers throughout the United States and in several foreign countries. Dealers are carefully selected by ABC to be sure they maintain the high quality imagine that ABC has established in its 100-year history of making fine furniture. Most dealers sell only ABC’s furniture, but a few also sell noncompeting lines of similar quality. Dealers who sell only ABC’s furniture are franchised to do business under ABC’s trade name and would appear to the public to be branch stores rather than independent business. ABC’s factory is a three-story building of heavy timber (mill) construction…

Assignment 2: You Are an Entrepreneur

Student life does not generally afford a great deal of free time to pursue your personal interests; however, at one point, you may have considered turning a personal interest or hobby into an official enterprise. Today, you have finally decided to turn that hobby into a business but have realized that you need start- up capital from a lender or investor. To obtain funding, you need to convince a lender / investor that your business is more than a hobby. You need to demonstrate that you have a firm grasp of your business, the accounting practices that impact your business, the controls needed to safeguard assets, and which accounting system will produce accurate and relevant financial information. Write a six…

Nancy’s coffee case study

As the busy president of the $7 million Nancy‟s Coffee Café chain, Beth WoodLeidt wasn‟t able to visit each of their thirty suburban coffee shops as much as she would have liked. Whenever she did journey out like she was doing today, it was with a passion for building brand and enhancing profitability. Beth approached one of her more challenging locations—in a mall in central New York— and surveyed the space with a practiced eye. …that front table needs a wipe… the display shelves are dusty…the OneCard holder is hidden behind the tip jar…isn’t it too early in the day to be out of plain bagels?… She greeted the staff that she knew warmly, introduced herself to new faces, and…

Appendix B: Financial analysis

Financial analysis is the mean to clarify most important factors that affected Costco performance and resulted in companies’ success. In order to reach that goal, we studied financial performance of Costco for 2008 to 2012. These data obtained from different sources such as Costco annual reports and other respectable financial sources. At some levels comparison between leading companies in the industry such as Sam’s club and Bj’s has been made. The major problem that we faced during that process was that Sam’s club considered as subsidiary of Wall mart, which made comparison less sensitive. By using financial statement, we calculated different financial ratios for liquidity, debt ratios and other significant in order to see the performance of Costco more clearly….

The Balance Scorecard Initiative

Executive Summary This report provides the analysis of case study given to me. Gail Palmer Ashton Graduate School of Business ranks among the top schools of USA but the dean of the institute feels that the school has deviated from its foundations. This analysis proposes implementation of the balanced scorecard and performance metrics in order to achieve the four strategic goals of the institution. Even the ranking is consistent and high the institute needs performance standards devised along the lines of end goals. A balanced scorecard has four perspectives and this report gives the complete exploration of financial, internal, customer and learning and growth perspective. Furthermore, the report gives the indicators for the metrics, which would make feedback process effective…

Business finance

(i) Eli Lilly is very excited because sales for his nursery and plant company are expected to double from $600,000 to $1,200,000 next year. Eli notes that net assets (Assets — Liabilities) will remain at 50 percent of sales. His firm will enjoy an 8 percent return on total sales. He will start the year with $120,000 in the bank and is bragging about the Jaguar and luxury townhouse he will buy. Does his optimistic outlook for his cash position appear to be correct? Compute his likely cash balance or deficit for the end of the year. Start with beginning cash and subtract the asset buildup (equal to 50 percent of the sales increase) and add in profit. (ii) In…