Jose was sent to Manila four months after the martyrdom of Gom-Bur-Za and with Dona Teodora still in prison. He studiedin the Ateneo Municipal,, a college under the supervision of the Spanish Jesuits. Ateneo Municipal Bitter rival of the Dominican-owned College of San Juan de Letran Formerly the Escuela Pia(Charity School)- for poor boys in Manila established in 1817 In 1859- name was changed to Ateneo Municipal by the Jesuits and later became the Ateneo de Manila. Rizal Enters the Ateneo:
June 10, 1872- Jose, accompanied by Paciano, went to Manila to take the entrance examinations on Christian Doctrine,arithmetic, and reading at the College of San Juan de Letran, and passed them. His father was the first one who wishedhim to study at Letran but he changed his mind and decided to send Jose at Ateneo instead. Father Magin Ferrando, college registrar of Ateneo Municipal, refused to admit Jose because: He was late for registration and; He was sickly and undersized for his age (11 years old). Upon the intercession of Manuel Xeres Burgos, nephew of Father Burgos, he was admitted at Ateneo. Jose adopted thesurname ? Rizal?
at the Ateneo because their family name ? Mercado? had come under suspicion of the Spanish authorities. Ateneo was located in Intramuros, within the walls of Manila. He boarded in a house on Caraballo Street, 25 min walk Fromthe College. The boarding house was owned by Titay, who owd Rizal family P300. Jose boarded there to collect part of thedebt. Jesuits System of Education: Jesuits trained the character of the student by rigid discipline, humanities and religious instruction. They heard Mass earlyin the morning before the beginning of daily class. Classes were opened and closed with prayers. Students were divided into two groups: 1.
Roman Empire- consisting of the internos (boarders) with red banners 2. Carthaginian Empire- composed of the externos (non-boarders) with blue banners Each of these empires had its rank. Students fought for positions. With 3 mistakes, opponent’s position could lose his position. 1st best: emperor? 4th best: centurion? 2nd best: tribune? 5th best:Standard-bearer 3rd best: Decurion? Ateneo student’s uniform is consisted of ? hemp-fabric trousers? and ? striped cotton coat?. The coat was called rayadillo, and was adopted as the uniform for Filipino troops during the days of the First Philippine Republic. Rizal’s First Year in Ateneo (1872-1873).
Rizal’s first professor in Ateneo was Fr. Jose Bech. Rizal was placed at the bottom of the class since he was a newcomer and knows little Spanish. He was an externo(Carthaginians), occupying the end of the line. But at the end of the month, he become ? emperor? of his Empire. Hewas the brightest pupil in the whole class, and he was awarded a prize, a religious prize. Rizal took private lessons in Santa Isabel College during noon recesses to improve his Spanish language payingthree pesos for those extra lessons. He placed second at the end of the year, athough all his grades were still marked ? Excellent?