Complete a chart showing how the First Amendment impacted a landmark Supreme Court Case. You will explain what the case was about and identify two current cases relating to this amendment.
Amendment I – Freedoms, Petitions, Assembly
Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press, or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances. Which landmark case will you use to as your primary example?
Visit the Bill of Rights Institute Landmark Supreme Court Cases or do quick webs search to find a case.
Note: use search terms like “landmark cases amendment 1”
Brown v. Board of Education
What is the landmark case about & how was this amendment upheld?
Please respond in three to four complete This was a landmark United States Supreme Court case in which the Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students unconstitutional. The decision overturned the Plessy v. Ferguson decision of 1896, which allowed state-sponsored segregation, to the extent of how it applied to public education. Handed down on May 17, 1954, the Warren Court’s unanimous decision declared that “separate educational facilities are inherently unequal.”
As a result by right, racial segregation was ruled a violation of the Equal Protection Clause to the Fourteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution. This ruling forced the people of the United States to abolish segregation and integrate with each other no matter what race you are. This ended up being a major victory of the civil rights movement. List two current court cases relating to this amendment.
Do a quick web search for current court cases.
Note: These cases must be from the last five years.
1. state of Florida versus George Zimmerman (2012)
George Zimmerman was tried for the murder Black teenager Trayvon Martin out of self defense. The Court Ruled George Zimmerman not guilty because he had pictures of a broken nose and a few other items that acquitted him of his charges. The reason I chose this case to relate to the Fourteenth Amendment is because people thought he killed Trayvon because Trayvon was black. This would be bringing us back to segregation.
2. Christian Legal Society v. Martinez (2010)
The court ruled that a student organization at a public university was not free to limit their members to those who shared their belief system if that resulted in discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation.