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Architecture Essay Topics & Paper Examples

Parthenon and Lincoln Memorial

I have chosen the above two architectural marvels for this essay. While Parthenon belongs to the ancient times , around 32 B. B. its architects were Iktinos and Kallikratesand. ( Parthenon). It was a place of worship, for the Athenians, the Lincoln memorial was constructed much later, in the 20th century, and was constructed in the fond memory of the 16th president of the United states of America, Abraham Lincoln. Before analyzing these marvelous works of art, it is necessary that one is thorough in the concept of an organizational system, known as ‘Doric order’, formulated by the ancient Greeks, in their style of architecture. Both these structures are based on this concept. In the Doric order, a style of…

Perraults Architecture

The author intended to explore the important theorists from the ancient world to the present have offered as the source of architectural form. He examined each theorist asserted, and analyzes the merits and shortcomings of these ideas in several areas. He also examined the theories within the broader context of the history of Western philosophy. On the other hand, for Perrault, theory had to become an efficient instrument to produce exactly what the architect intended. This was the explicit intention of his revision to the rules of the classical orders. His theory recognized no different between the retinal image and embodied experience. In 1683 Perrault presented his own body of theory in the guise of a conventionally structured treatise on…

Feng Shui in Architecture: Boon or Bust?

The apparent religion of any region represents a broad based scripture of do-s and don’ts for its society, the content of which is made after lot of research on the experience of living. Thus the instructions in the texts of religion culminate into the practice, which in turn becomes the habit and habit gradually invents more scopes of practice. This state of affairs in a society creates hallmarks of a religion through many tangible reflections, like regular religious ceremonies, rituals related to birth, marriage or death, and the architecture of the region. Out of all these, architecture holds a special place, because it is more tangible and more close to the society, as architecture houses all – be it the…

Decorating Appropriately

Ornament, is generally defined as a decoration used to embellish parts of a building, has also been a controversial debating topic when architecture was introduced to the Modernism period. Throughout the 1920s and 1930s, absence of ornaments became a hallmark of Modern architecture and equated the moral virtues of honesty, simplicity and purity. Le Corbusier, one of the prominent modernist figures, had always supported the ideals of simplistic and honest design. He blamed the deceit in ornamentations as it disguised the flaws in manufacture. However by the mid-1950s, he broke his own rules by producing several highly expressive, sculptural concrete works due to his realization of ornaments could equally serve practical purposes in architecture. In the essay Decorating Appropriately, French…

Developing New Design Strategies

The ignorance of environmental values/impacts that are ranged from local to regional scales in the design and construction processes, burdens the inconveniences of the “contemporary” living milieus. Locality bears particular values in terms of natural, built and cultural context that constantly shape the local identity throughout the ages. Exclusion of this set of values in the development of the built environment, in conjunction with the consumer wise approaches of global trends, is ended up with an unsatisfactory living milieu. In this respect, the lack of environmental and socio-cultural aspects especially in the building design is the vital issue behind the questioning of existing understanding towards the context and its products. As it is faced with the challenging global circumstances related…

Portal

A portal is a door, entryway, grand entrance to an important structure, or an opening in a wall or gate. It will contain sculptures and figures that hold a symbolic meaning. The portal can contain a voussir or wedge shaped blocks traditionally used in gothic arches, tympanum or semicircular or triangle decorative wall panel over an entrance or arch, mullion or ornamented dividing element in a window, or decorated columns (Ching, F. ). The art displayed in these portals will depend on the style of architecture and type of building they are ornament. The Romanesque style directly preceded the gothic style and there is no distinct break in styles as the gothic style really grew form the Romanesque style so…

The progress of Primitive Architecture

The research is about primitive architecture. In this paper, different aspects involving primitive architecture will be discussed and defined. The essence of the research will also be included in the data that will be presented. Comparison between the modern and the pre-historic architecture will somehow be incorporated in the presentation of data. The history of architecture in China will be emphasized in the research. Understanding Architecture As defined by an encyclopedia from the internet, a simple description of architecture is the art and science of designing buildings. In a larger definition, architecture includes the design of the total built environment starting and including the macro echelon of town planning, urban design and landscapes, and reaching up to the micro echelon…

A Manifesto for Sustainable Design

This manifesto proposes an approach to sustainable design that I am interested in exploring during my time studying architecture. The idea of sustainability is a complex one, not without apparent contradictions. This makes it difficult to define in a wholly satisfactory manner. For the purposes of this manifesto I will advert to the definition proposed by Jason McLennan who asserts that sustainable design: “seeks to maximize the quality of the built environment, while minimizing or eliminating negative impact to the natural environment.” I find this definition particularly useful in the emphasis which it places on quality. By quality, in this context, I mean an approach to building which emphasises not only thoughtful design but also the careful use of materials;…

Neolithic Art and Architecture Paper

During the “New” Stone Age, also known as the Neolithic Period, art and life in general began to change drastically for humans. Many new onsets began to bloom, for example humans of this time period had begun to live in single locations versus before they were nomadic hunter-gatherers. This new life introduced new challenges and new opportunities. Within this paper I will discuss three Neolithic Locations, Jericho, Çatal Höyük, and Stonehenge. Also, what made each of these sites significant, what new forms of buildings were present at each, and what is still perplexing modern day historians and archaeologists about these sites. I will start with the oldest of the three locations from above, Jericho. Jericho is a city of Palestine,…

Gothic art and architecture

The thirteenth, fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, spanned by what we term the Gothic period, saw a revolution in the social and economic life of Europe. As princes created fixed capitals for themselves instead of the earlier uncomfortable peripatetic courts, so the earlier agricultural system gave way before a more modern money economy. The movements brought great changes in their train and were to have a profound effect upon the arts. For the first, the building of castles, palaces and town residences not only gave a new importance to the visual effect of surroundings but also to the ideas of comfort and luxury. The court of Burgundy led the way and life came to be dominated by intricate ceremonial inherited in…

Presentation Architecture in Renaissance and Baroque

All aspects of Renaissance culture, from art and architecture to philosophy, were influenced and inspired by Ancient Greek and Roman civilizations. Generally, architecture in the Renaissance can be described as symmetrical, harmonious and sober. Many buildings that were built in the Renaissance are perfect symmetrical, if you would draw a line through the middle of the building, it would have two exact same halves. Because it is so symmetrical, it looks very harmonious and static. However, it often also looks authorative probably because of the use of pediments and columns which make it look like Grecian temples. Renaissance buildings are rarely very high or vertical in contrast to buildings in Gothic architecture. Furthermore, architecture in the Renaissance was very much…

Doric vs Ionic Architecture

Western architecture traces its descent from the major public buildings in ancient Greece. Some earlier structures were built with an eye for proportion and striking decoration, but they had little influence on the evolution of building design. The Greek and Roman buildings bear some striking similarities as well as differences. From 750 to 30 B. C. E. , the Greeks created impressive temples, stoas (covered colonnades), theaters, and amphitheaters. The temples, built in marble and limestone, retained the post-and-lintel construction of the wooden originals. The temples had painted decorations and low-pitched wooden roofs. Columns had ornamental capitals—the top of the column—in one of three designs. The simplest, Doric, consisted of columns with plain molded capitals and no base. Ionic capitals…

Interior architecture

1: Introduction In the field of architecture, the major function of an interior architecture is to ensure the beautification of an interior aspect of the building. Typically, the interior design is a branch of architecture that specialises in the beautification of the interior part of the building, and the interior designer employs creative and technical solution to design and accomplish interior part of the building. Typically, the interior design involves harmonisation of colour, lightening, texture and scale of the building. Many organizations have realised that not only the external part of the building provides the image of the organization, the interior parts of the building also provides the picture of what the general public think about an organization. Thus, the…

InfiniBand Architecture

Modern applications in information technology are rapidly evolving and setting the stage for the development of high-end data communication technologies that not only meet the demands of the changing computing environment but also enable users to successfully accomplish projects not achievable before. The InfiniBand architecture (IBA) emerged as one of the most effective network infrastructures providing solutions to areas in server communications and I/O requirements that IP and Ethernet had not previously addressed (IBTA, 2001). IBA is an industry-level-architecture standard focusing on inter-server and server I/O communication. The InfiniBand Trade Association, with about 200 member companies developed the IBA. An IBA infrastructure can be a smaller server with a single processor featuring a minimal number of I/O devices or a…

Installation Art and Architecture

Architecture has produced works that was revered, respected and something that captured the awe of the people for years. It was the source of something beautiful and even artistic. It was because of architecture that the likes of the Parthenon, as well as the other majestic palaces and cathedrals and other structures – things that people have considered as artistic and beautiful – was created and later enthroned in the annals of what is beautiful and what is artistic. Architecture has endured for years, but the growth of the practice of architecture also made it possible for the creation of other disciplines from which what is beautiful and artistic would be derived from. One of the things that were always…

History of Architecture in Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico was first discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1493. He named the place San Juan Baustista and sooner or later the people called it Boriquen Tierra del alto senor or the Land of the Noble Lord. Juan Ponce de Leon became the country’s first governor . Upon his arrival, he constituted a colony in Caparra until such time that Caparra had to be moved to a nearby location with a sound environment. The name Caparra was changed to Puerto Rico which means Rich Port because its harbor is among the best in the world (Everyculture. com, n. d. . Antilles has a series of islands closely situated together with extends more than one thousand miles from Florida all the…

History of Architecture

1. Comparing and contrasting Minoan and Mycenaean architecture, describe how the two architectures are different and why. Minoan architecture was characterized by a number of structures that acted as epicenters for religious, commercial, and administrative lifestyles. In the recent past, archeologists discovered tombs, palaces, towns, and roads in Crete which symbolized the Minoan landscape. All this evidences the pre-historic culture that survived in the Aegean Sea. Minoan palaces were used to hold gatherings, workshop for artists and food stores. The palaces were multi-storied buildings with impressive exterior and interior staircases. The tombs were built in round shape with a flat wood-framed roof. It was not until Neopalatial period, 1700-1400 BC that Minoan towns started to emerge and easier linkage between…

Gothic V Romanesque Architecture

Medieval Art is characterized largely by the use of both Gothic and Romanesque architecture. As Christianity was highly significant to the middle ages, much of said architectural design is exemplified in the cathedrals of the time. Romanesque and Gothic architecture differ greatly from one another, as is displayed in a comparison of a Gothic chapel and a Romanesque chapel. The Cloisters Museum and Gardens: the branch of The Metropolitan Museum of Art devoted to medieval art, offers the opportunity for such a close comparison. A comparison of the Fuetiduena Chapel and the Gothic Chapel conveys the distinctions between the two architectural styles. Thick, fortress-like walls, small, high windows, round arches, and barrel or dome vaulted ceiling, characterize Medieval Romanesque architecture….

Pre-Columbian and Colonial Architecture in Mexico

Architecture can be regarded as a historical blueprint of society; it is through buildings that civilizations can be explored, especially as its development went through significant changes. Most parts of the world have gone through such critical transformations, but the most amazing cases are the societies that have been strongly influenced by the entry of foreign forces. In any case, these factors are contributory to the modern society, with these historical elements making up the essence of art and architecture in a certain civilization. Latin America is an example of such societal shift that its ancient history has become a rare treasure as evidenced from art and architecture. The pre-Columbian era can be considered as the essential fabric of Latin…

Everything about architecture

Everything about architecture is interesting, so is our class in Arch103. I have always been interested to learn new things about this subject and our class discussions have provided me valuable insights in many ways. However, I could have learned more if there was a healthy relationship between the teacher and the students. In classrooms, students usually encounter situations that encourage or impede participation and learning. One factor is the harmonious liaison of a teacher to the students. This healthy connection usually comes in when the teacher shows fair treatment among the students. It is the right of the students to be treated equally in all aspects: classroom discussions, projects and assignments, and grades. Fair treatment builds the students’ trust…

Hawa Mahal

Hawa Mahal stands upright as the entrance to the City Palace, Jaipur. An important landmark in the city, Hawa Mahal is an epitome of the Rajputana architecture. The splendid five-storey “Palace of the Winds” is a blend of beauty and splendor much close to Rajasthan’s culture. Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh built Hawa Mahal in 1779. The pyramid shape of this ancient monument is a tourist attraction having 953 small windows. 2. Taj Mahal Taj Mahal, the pinnacle of Mughal architecture, was built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan (1628-1658), grandson of Akbar the great, in the memory of his queen Arjumand Bano Begum, entitled ‘Mumtaz Mahal’. Mumtaz Mahal was a niece of empress Nur Jahan and granddaughter of Mirza Ghias…

Do We Learn from our Mistakes?

Architecturally speaking, I think we learn very little from our mistakes, as there are so many thousands of mistakes to make in architecture without repeating a single one. A child may learn not to touch a hot stove, but that is because the child receives an immediate response for doing so. This is not true with the mistakes we make as architects. Sometimes years go by before we learn the results of our errors; mostly our ethical errors. Most of the time this is because we were not making an honest effort in the first place but were looking for a short cut in our design effort. It is easier to submit to the current fad or use a concept…

Roadmap for Constructing Titanic: Project Management

A. BACKGROUND & BUSINESS CASE OF THE PROJECT White Star Chairman Bruce Ismay met Harland and Wolff’s Chairman Lord Pirrie and they together decided to build a huge fast moving fleet. This was their vision. It was expected then to be the most expensive and the largest fleet ever built. The reason for initiating the project was to capture the target market of customers who desire luxury instead of just having great speed. It comprised of that era’s state-of-the-art technology. The benefits identified were reaching breakeven in just two years. The first class of the large commercial ship was to generate 75% of the total revenue. Funds for the project were acquired from J.P. Morgan, who was that time’s richest…

Progressive Reform Era

In the beginning, “The Bungalow craze did not arise in a cultural vacuum, but was one expression of a boarder artistic movement at the turn of the century known as Arts and Crafts” (110). In the nineteenth century, the Progressive reform era promoted simple architectural styles. As the era progressed society changed living styles. But did they keep them conservative or radical? “The Bungalow’s appeal was also related to dramatic changes overtaking women in late nineteenth century” (111). The supporters of the Bungalow style of architecture were radical because of the progression or era, and simplicity that proceeded throughout society. Progression concerns how well we appreciate artifact and intend to uphold everything or architecture. In other words, keeping it nice…

Essay sample (Eiffel Tower)

Introduction Have you ever wanted to travel the world and see the most significant structures that our world has to offer? Since the beginning of time, man hasn’t stopped looking for ways on developing the human’s passion to create the most innovative and revolutionary masterpieces of all time. There are a lot of places to visit that will surely make one’s trip worthwhile. One of the utmost places to plan a trip to is the city of romance, Paris. There are many beautiful attractions to be seen there and is one of the most visited countries on the planet. Here people can enjoy the wonders of three of the most famous landmarks and monuments, Notre Dame de Paris, Napoleonic Arc…

Classical and Gothic Architecture

The cultures of the ancient Greeks and medieval Europeans were significantly influenced by religion. Greek Classicism brought about some of the most beautiful artwork and architecture that still exists today. The style strives to exemplify a culture of harmony, order, reason, intellect, objectivity, and formal discipline (Sporre, 2010). Classicism is best exemplified in the ancient temples that are found throughout the region of Greece and Italy. Gothic style art and architecture began in the areas surrounding Paris in the sixteenth century (Sporre, 2010). Similarly, the Gothic architecture of the late medieval era is best exemplified in places of worship. The Gothic cathedral is described by Sporre (2010) as a, “synthesis of intellect, spirituality, and engineering, perfectly expressing the medieval mind”(p.242)….

Mayan Art Architecture

Art for the Mayans was a reflection of their lifestyle and culture. For the Mayans art took several forms including: painting paper, plaster, carvings in wood and store, clay, stucco models, and terra cotta figurines from molds. Metal was very scarce and so it wasn’t commonly used. Mayan Art during the period, 200 to 900 has been considered the most sophisticated and beautiful of the New World. There is few remaining Mayan Art, which includes funerary pottery, ceramics, a building in Bonampak (which is around Chiapas, Mexico), has several murals. What is interesting is that Mayan art gave almost free reign to the artist. The artist was not required to produce a work that fit any particular rules. The art…

Descriptive Essay on A Place: Charlie’s Cabin

The newly cut wood sends bits and pieces of red hot coals in all directions, but are blocked down quickly by the charcoaled black cast iron wood burner. The unexplainable scent of the surroundings crawls into your nose and give you the constant reminder that you are in Charlies Bear Valley cabin. As you first drive into the small, but promising valley, you know that within minutes you will be in the cabin that makes dreams come true. As you pull into the long driveway, you cannot wait for the car to be thrown into park so you can run up the creaky wooden stairs and throw open the door and enter the good old cabin. When you enter the…

Suspension Bridges

A suspension bridge is a one where many cables are strung across two or more towers, which supports the majority of the bridge weight and force. The cables run from the towers to the anchorages. Suspension bridges have benefited our everyday lives since John A. Roebling perfected the suspension bridge design in 1845 and built the Allegheny Suspension Bridge in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (Placzek). These bridges are better than previous bridges in many ways. Suspension bridges can span greater distances and are much cheaper than other types of bridges, such as beam bridges, which are simply constructed of beams supporting the deck of the bridge, they cannot span as long as these suspension bridges, and are more costly due to the…

The Roman Colosseum

The Roman Colosseum has had a major influence on many buildings and structures through-out our history. Even to this day it is possible to find it’s architecture in many different forms. One of today’s structures which seems to closely resemble it, is the modern football stadia. Like the Roman Colosseum, many are built in a large oval form, this is mainly the case in Scotland, whilst in England they tend to be rectangular. The oval shaped stadiums also have the advantage of fitting in a slightly larger crowd, due to the curved sections at each end. The seating arrangements in the modern football stadium are similar to the ones in the Roman Colosseum. They were designed to accommodate thousands of spectators….