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Architecture Essay Topics & Paper Examples

Palladio and Michelangelo

Two great architects of their own period are Palladio and Michelangelo. They served as the foundations upon which several architectural pieces today are established and formed. The architectural works that they have still influenced the society that people live in today especially with the majestic architectural ideas that flow from their works. Palladio has, in the architectural designs established, done very little to promote the culture of Mannerism in the said field and even went to the opposite by advocating for a more dense approach to architecture that leaned away from the characteristics of Mannerism. There is an adherence to this as Palladio even went for the survey of the ancient themes of architecture and represented this (Cooper 15; Piccolotto,…

Enterprise Architecture Questions

1. Business processes typically ignore the need to embrace change, align business units, stay flexible, and is responsive. Discuss how Enterprise Architecture can assist a business to accomplish the above needs. Answer: Enterprise architecture would effectively pull all resources of the organization to fill their objective. The enterprise architecture would fetch the importance of the various business units and the various business processes that are required to be identified and made good for fetching the right objective for the purpose (Symons, 2006). Enterprise architecture would make sure that all the various objectives of the business are modeled well for various reasons. The enforcement of enterprise architecture would be to embrace change for the organization as the defined processes would be…

Ottoman Architecture: A Travel Through Time

The Ottomans are among the great builders in history. Their architecture is basically focused on the building of mosques which were not only meant for religious purposes but also to undertake social functions. Among the architects who built a name in the Ottoman empire is Sinan, the imperial architect. As the head architect of the Ottoman empire during Sultan Suleyman’s reign, he designed mosques that exemplified beauty and grace. He derived his inspiration from the Byzantine Empire’s Hagia Sophia. The paper contains a discussion of the development of Ottoman architecture. It traces the roots of the Ottoman craft from Iznik tiles and moves on to the classical period or the golden age Ottoman architecture, the period of Western influence, the…

Italian Gothic Architecture

A country that is rich in heritage and history is home to a place that is critical in the development of architecture not only in Europe but throughout the world. Italian gothic architecture represents a movement of gothic architecture that transitioned through Europe and transformed style and the typical depiction of the word “gothic.” Italy’s choice of design and placement of buildings shows the Italians approach and style in terms of gothic design. The Italian approach to gothic design allows for an individual expression of a style in architecture that seemed outmoded and repetitive throughout northern Europe. In its development of a Gothic style, Italy stood apart from the rest of Europe. While in most European countries’ artists imitated the…

Form Follows Function

Based on the five-step theories claimed by Sullivan, the author demonstrates the maxim “form follows function” with copious evidence provided from scholars in different fields. Declared through Horatio Greenough, every embellishment without reference to inner distribution is “false beauty,” which means ornamental motifs concentrate on more aesthetic than practical should be totally abandoned. The twelve and thirteen paragraph discusses Gothic architecture style profoundly as a pointed example. Found on the argumentation of viollet-Le-Duc who highly praised the rigorous application of the system during the twelfth and thirteenth are not caprice or puerile symbolic intents. The author still thinks functionalism play an essential element in appreciation of the Gothic style in a sense. The fussy principles of Christan architecture such as…

About Guwahati

Gauhati or Guwahati, the erstwhile capital of the state of Assam was earlier known as “Pragiyotishpura” (The Light of East). This city with a varied history dating back to the 6th century is also the most developed and important city of Assam. The name suits Guwahati remarkably due to its terrain and structure and with the river Brahmaputra bisecting the city into two halves, the city represents a miniature Assam complete with a collection of all inhabitants, their lifestyles and their dependence on the mighty river. However, the presence of mighty Brahmaputra carving its way through the city makes for a romantic and memorable experience. Guwahati is replete with various religious places, green hills, tea plantations, educational institutes and Art…

Peter Eisenman

Introduction * Peter Eisenman was born in 1932 in Newark, New Jersey. He studied architecture from 1951 to 1955 at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York, and later at Columbia University in New York City, and concluded his academic training in 1963 with a doctoral thesis on design theory. * He worked together with Charles Gwathmay, John Hejduk, Michael Graves and Richard Meier in the architects’ group »The New York Five. At this time, Eisenman developed his principles for design theory in a number of key publications. * At the beginning of the 1980s, Eisenman established his own architectural practice in New York, and since that time has created a number of important and diverse structures. * A recurrent topic…

Comparison of French and Italian Gothic Architecture

When we hear about Gothic architecture, we immediately imagine buildings of this style: Cologne Cathedral, Notre-Dame de Paris, Mont Saint-Michel and so on. They all seem to share a number of common features: they are tall, thin, produce ethereal impression and with all their form reach for the sky, thus tuning people to a solemn mood. It is less known, however, although completely logical, that Gothic style is not homogenous, and the Gothic structures from one region and period of time may be rather different from the ones found in other place, in different time. The distinctive feature of the French Gothic is the fact that its architects strive to create a perfect Gothic style, greatly emphasizing the above-mentioned characteristic…

Modern Architecture

It is undeniable that Gothic Architecture has a great influence on modern Architecture. One has only to look at Antoni Gaudi’s design of La Sagrada Familia in Spain or the intricate tracery of Culvert Bridge in Central Park by Calvert Vaux to appreciate the modern interpretation of Gothic Architecture. When on hears of Gothic one immediately conjures images of intricate dark designs, tall lean spires, vaulted ceilings, flamboyant arches and iconic ornamentations. Usually Gothic is attributed to somber, grave and shadowy lighting. Thus it is a bit surprising that it was Gothic architecture that gave birth to the undeniably the most colorful element of dark cathedrals, the rose window – a circular window separated into stone segments and intricate tracery….

Gothic Church Architecture

The Gothic church architecture was developed in accordance to the Norman architecture during the Medieval England. The term “Gothic architecture” was used for portraying the styles of the buildings constructed between 1200 until 1500. There are numerous styles in the span of the Gothic era, and it is an imperative to divide the styles in three parts. The structures built during 1200 to 1300 were pertained to as Early English. In 1300 to 1400, the styles built were called “Decorated” while the term “Perpendicular” was used for the structures built from the 1400’s to 1500’s. Most Gothic cathedrals are well-noted for their large towers and spires, which are the very reasons that the era of Gothic was considered to have…

Suspension Bridge

What is meant by suspension bridge? A suspension bridge is a type of bridge in which the deck (the load-bearing portion) is hung below suspension cables on vertical suspenders. Outside Tibet and Bhutan, where the first examples of this type of bridge were built in the 15th century, this type of bridge dates from the early 19th century. Bridges without vertical suspenders have a long history in many mountainous parts of the world. Structure of suspension bridge – This type of bridge has cables suspended between towers, plus vertical suspender cables that carry the weight of the deck below, upon which traffic crosses. This arrangement allows the deck to be level or to arc upward for additional clearance. Like other…

Urban Planning and 19th Century

For many within the modern movement, the marriage between town and country represented the means of achieving an ideal form of settlement. Discuss the 19th century origins of this concept and how it was interpreted in different ways by modernist architects and urbanists in the 20th century. If architecture could change a person’s wellbeing; an architectural movement could create an ideal society. The modernists were not original in seeking an urban utopia. Architects of the 1800s had designed their ideal settlements to improve workers lives through the built environment. Modernism implies historical discontinuity, a rejecting of history and tradition, yet these 19th century projects, unknowingly, influenced the urban proposals of the ‘International style’. Through this century of proposals from 1830-1940s,…

The Impact of Globalization on Indian Culture and Indian Architecture

Globalization opened up the wall between globe and people came to know the information and cultures all around. This made rapid growth of Urbanisation and technology which resulted in losing the culture and regional identity of India. Different cultures across the world mixed due to globalization. Due to globalization more corporate office and BPO came into India. Thus an overall employment opportunity has increased a lot and even the standards of living are also changed. The main threat of globalization is due to cross cultures and overall living styles completely changed. The western life style dominated the Indian life style. The joint family concept was violated and migrated to an isolate family. And people are hardly connected in this life…

Mediums of Architecture

Architectures has to do with the planning, designing and constructing form, space and ambience that reflect functional, technical, social, environmental, and aesthetic considerations. It requires the creative manipulation and coordination of material, technology, light and shadow. Architecture also encompasses the pragmatic aspects of realizing buildings and structures, including scheduling, cost estimating and construction administration. As documentation produced by architects, typically drawings, plans and technical specifications, architecture defines the structure and/or behavior of a building or any other kind of system that is to be or has been constructed. Wood Is the common building material today. Its advantages are its abundance, relative durability and high tensile and compression strength. However, it is easily destroyed by moisture, insects, and fire. Steel It…

Project Management and Enterprise Information Architecture

Enterprise architecture provides a framework for the business to add new applications, infrastructure, and systems for managing the lifecycle and the value of the current and future environments. Enterprise architecture provides the alignment across business strategy, IT strategy, and IT implementation. Enterprise architecture links the enterprise business strategy to its IT investments by ensuring a tight integration between the Business, Application, Information, and Infrastructure architecture layers. Each of these areas describes integrated sets of blocks should be selected so that the enterprise can achieve its overall business objectives. They also need to be made available so that projects can use them in the design, development and deployment of IT-base business systems. Enterprise Strategy Layer For most institutions, strategic planning and…

Parthenon and Lincoln Memorial

I have chosen the above two architectural marvels for this essay. While Parthenon belongs to the ancient times , around 32 B. B. its architects were Iktinos and Kallikratesand. ( Parthenon). It was a place of worship, for the Athenians, the Lincoln memorial was constructed much later, in the 20th century, and was constructed in the fond memory of the 16th president of the United states of America, Abraham Lincoln. Before analyzing these marvelous works of art, it is necessary that one is thorough in the concept of an organizational system, known as ‘Doric order’, formulated by the ancient Greeks, in their style of architecture. Both these structures are based on this concept. In the Doric order, a style of…

Perraults Architecture

The author intended to explore the important theorists from the ancient world to the present have offered as the source of architectural form. He examined each theorist asserted, and analyzes the merits and shortcomings of these ideas in several areas. He also examined the theories within the broader context of the history of Western philosophy. On the other hand, for Perrault, theory had to become an efficient instrument to produce exactly what the architect intended. This was the explicit intention of his revision to the rules of the classical orders. His theory recognized no different between the retinal image and embodied experience. In 1683 Perrault presented his own body of theory in the guise of a conventionally structured treatise on…

Feng Shui in Architecture: Boon or Bust?

The apparent religion of any region represents a broad based scripture of do-s and don’ts for its society, the content of which is made after lot of research on the experience of living. Thus the instructions in the texts of religion culminate into the practice, which in turn becomes the habit and habit gradually invents more scopes of practice. This state of affairs in a society creates hallmarks of a religion through many tangible reflections, like regular religious ceremonies, rituals related to birth, marriage or death, and the architecture of the region. Out of all these, architecture holds a special place, because it is more tangible and more close to the society, as architecture houses all – be it the…

Decorating Appropriately

Ornament, is generally defined as a decoration used to embellish parts of a building, has also been a controversial debating topic when architecture was introduced to the Modernism period. Throughout the 1920s and 1930s, absence of ornaments became a hallmark of Modern architecture and equated the moral virtues of honesty, simplicity and purity. Le Corbusier, one of the prominent modernist figures, had always supported the ideals of simplistic and honest design. He blamed the deceit in ornamentations as it disguised the flaws in manufacture. However by the mid-1950s, he broke his own rules by producing several highly expressive, sculptural concrete works due to his realization of ornaments could equally serve practical purposes in architecture. In the essay Decorating Appropriately, French…

Developing New Design Strategies

The ignorance of environmental values/impacts that are ranged from local to regional scales in the design and construction processes, burdens the inconveniences of the “contemporary” living milieus. Locality bears particular values in terms of natural, built and cultural context that constantly shape the local identity throughout the ages. Exclusion of this set of values in the development of the built environment, in conjunction with the consumer wise approaches of global trends, is ended up with an unsatisfactory living milieu. In this respect, the lack of environmental and socio-cultural aspects especially in the building design is the vital issue behind the questioning of existing understanding towards the context and its products. As it is faced with the challenging global circumstances related…

Portal

A portal is a door, entryway, grand entrance to an important structure, or an opening in a wall or gate. It will contain sculptures and figures that hold a symbolic meaning. The portal can contain a voussir or wedge shaped blocks traditionally used in gothic arches, tympanum or semicircular or triangle decorative wall panel over an entrance or arch, mullion or ornamented dividing element in a window, or decorated columns (Ching, F. ). The art displayed in these portals will depend on the style of architecture and type of building they are ornament. The Romanesque style directly preceded the gothic style and there is no distinct break in styles as the gothic style really grew form the Romanesque style so…

The progress of Primitive Architecture

The research is about primitive architecture. In this paper, different aspects involving primitive architecture will be discussed and defined. The essence of the research will also be included in the data that will be presented. Comparison between the modern and the pre-historic architecture will somehow be incorporated in the presentation of data. The history of architecture in China will be emphasized in the research. Understanding Architecture As defined by an encyclopedia from the internet, a simple description of architecture is the art and science of designing buildings. In a larger definition, architecture includes the design of the total built environment starting and including the macro echelon of town planning, urban design and landscapes, and reaching up to the micro echelon…

A Manifesto for Sustainable Design

This manifesto proposes an approach to sustainable design that I am interested in exploring during my time studying architecture. The idea of sustainability is a complex one, not without apparent contradictions. This makes it difficult to define in a wholly satisfactory manner. For the purposes of this manifesto I will advert to the definition proposed by Jason McLennan who asserts that sustainable design: “seeks to maximize the quality of the built environment, while minimizing or eliminating negative impact to the natural environment.” I find this definition particularly useful in the emphasis which it places on quality. By quality, in this context, I mean an approach to building which emphasises not only thoughtful design but also the careful use of materials;…

Neolithic Art and Architecture Paper

During the “New” Stone Age, also known as the Neolithic Period, art and life in general began to change drastically for humans. Many new onsets began to bloom, for example humans of this time period had begun to live in single locations versus before they were nomadic hunter-gatherers. This new life introduced new challenges and new opportunities. Within this paper I will discuss three Neolithic Locations, Jericho, Çatal Höyük, and Stonehenge. Also, what made each of these sites significant, what new forms of buildings were present at each, and what is still perplexing modern day historians and archaeologists about these sites. I will start with the oldest of the three locations from above, Jericho. Jericho is a city of Palestine,…

Gothic art and architecture

The thirteenth, fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, spanned by what we term the Gothic period, saw a revolution in the social and economic life of Europe. As princes created fixed capitals for themselves instead of the earlier uncomfortable peripatetic courts, so the earlier agricultural system gave way before a more modern money economy. The movements brought great changes in their train and were to have a profound effect upon the arts. For the first, the building of castles, palaces and town residences not only gave a new importance to the visual effect of surroundings but also to the ideas of comfort and luxury. The court of Burgundy led the way and life came to be dominated by intricate ceremonial inherited in…

Presentation Architecture in Renaissance and Baroque

All aspects of Renaissance culture, from art and architecture to philosophy, were influenced and inspired by Ancient Greek and Roman civilizations. Generally, architecture in the Renaissance can be described as symmetrical, harmonious and sober. Many buildings that were built in the Renaissance are perfect symmetrical, if you would draw a line through the middle of the building, it would have two exact same halves. Because it is so symmetrical, it looks very harmonious and static. However, it often also looks authorative probably because of the use of pediments and columns which make it look like Grecian temples. Renaissance buildings are rarely very high or vertical in contrast to buildings in Gothic architecture. Furthermore, architecture in the Renaissance was very much…

Doric vs Ionic Architecture

Western architecture traces its descent from the major public buildings in ancient Greece. Some earlier structures were built with an eye for proportion and striking decoration, but they had little influence on the evolution of building design. The Greek and Roman buildings bear some striking similarities as well as differences. From 750 to 30 B. C. E. , the Greeks created impressive temples, stoas (covered colonnades), theaters, and amphitheaters. The temples, built in marble and limestone, retained the post-and-lintel construction of the wooden originals. The temples had painted decorations and low-pitched wooden roofs. Columns had ornamental capitals—the top of the column—in one of three designs. The simplest, Doric, consisted of columns with plain molded capitals and no base. Ionic capitals…

Interior architecture

1: Introduction In the field of architecture, the major function of an interior architecture is to ensure the beautification of an interior aspect of the building. Typically, the interior design is a branch of architecture that specialises in the beautification of the interior part of the building, and the interior designer employs creative and technical solution to design and accomplish interior part of the building. Typically, the interior design involves harmonisation of colour, lightening, texture and scale of the building. Many organizations have realised that not only the external part of the building provides the image of the organization, the interior parts of the building also provides the picture of what the general public think about an organization. Thus, the…

InfiniBand Architecture

Modern applications in information technology are rapidly evolving and setting the stage for the development of high-end data communication technologies that not only meet the demands of the changing computing environment but also enable users to successfully accomplish projects not achievable before. The InfiniBand architecture (IBA) emerged as one of the most effective network infrastructures providing solutions to areas in server communications and I/O requirements that IP and Ethernet had not previously addressed (IBTA, 2001). IBA is an industry-level-architecture standard focusing on inter-server and server I/O communication. The InfiniBand Trade Association, with about 200 member companies developed the IBA. An IBA infrastructure can be a smaller server with a single processor featuring a minimal number of I/O devices or a…

Installation Art and Architecture

Architecture has produced works that was revered, respected and something that captured the awe of the people for years. It was the source of something beautiful and even artistic. It was because of architecture that the likes of the Parthenon, as well as the other majestic palaces and cathedrals and other structures – things that people have considered as artistic and beautiful – was created and later enthroned in the annals of what is beautiful and what is artistic. Architecture has endured for years, but the growth of the practice of architecture also made it possible for the creation of other disciplines from which what is beautiful and artistic would be derived from. One of the things that were always…