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Archaea Essay Topics & Paper Examples

Mito Case Study

1. What are Nuc, Flag, ER, Mito, Chlora, Golgi, Ves and Lys short for? What does each of these organelles do in a cell? Answer: Nuc is short for nucleus; the functions for a nucleus is information storage, transmission, ribosome subunit assembly, and structural support. Flag stands for flagella; the flagella is a tail-like piece of the cell that allows it to swim through liquid. ER stands for endoplasmic reticulum; the endoplasmic reticulum is used for protein synthesis and processing. Mito is short for mitochondrion; the mitochondrion is in charge of making energy (ATP production). Golgi is short for golgi apparatus; golgi does the protein, lipid, and carbohydrate processing. Ves is short for vesicle; the vesicle’s function is to store…


A thermoacidophile (combination of thermophile and acidophile ) is an extreme archaebacteria which thrives in acids, sulfur rich, high temperature environments. Thermoacidophiles prefer temperatures of 70 – 80 C and pH between 2 and 3. They live mostly in hot springs and/or within deep ocean vent communities. Classified as an Archaebacteria and an extremophile, Thermoacidophiles are found in places where most organisms would not survive. Thermoacidophiles love heat and acidic watery environments, live in sulfur hot springs. As a result of living in such environments, however, these bacteria have enzymes that are stable at high temperatures, which could be useful for producing alternative fuels. (“DOE Joint Genome Institute”) Some examples of thermoacidophiles are Thermoplasma Picrophilus Thermococci Paleococcus Pyrococcus Sulfolobus. Basically…

Roles of Microbes in Dna Research

Activities of microorganisms are very important to almost every sector of concern to mankind. From a perusal of the foregoing topics, one can find applications (uses) of microorganisms to agriculture, forestry, food, industry, medicine, and environment. The scope and significance of microbiology has enlarged manifold, particularly when importance of environment was realised globally and the word environment was used in a much wider sense in terms of totality to include almost everything, every bit of nature. a. BACTERIUM or BACTERIA b. YEAST c. BACTERIOPHAGES FUNCTION OF THE PARTS a. BACTERIUM or BACTERIA Table 1. Macromolecules that make up cell material Macromolecule| Primary Subunits| Where found in cell| Proteins| amino acids| Flagella, pili, cell walls, cytoplasmic membranes, ribosomes, cytoplasm| Polysaccharides| sugars…