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Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia

The review of literature was conducted using the following databases CINAHL, PubMed and Medline using the keywords oral care, mouth care, ventilator-associated pneumonia, ventilator, critical care and hygiene. Of the articles retrieved there were randomized, nonrandomized and quasi experimental. Location of the studies included single centers to university hospital settings in multiple critical care units. Results of the studies were difficult to compare due to the different methodologies, interventions and protocols used in each study. Standard oral protocols were used and revised and new protocols were added to the ventilator bundle. The main themes identified were oral care with chlorahexadine, chlorahexadine with other product and other products. The findings are discussed in the following sections that follow. Grap et al…