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Antiseptic Essay Topics & Paper Examples

A bottle of ethanol (95%) – an antiseptic

Most commonly used are ethanol (60–90%), 1-propanol (60–70%) and 2-propanol/isopropanol (70–80%) or mixtures of these alcohols. They are commonly referred to as “surgical alcohol”. Used to disinfect the skin before injections are given, often along with iodine (tincture of iodine) or some cationic surfactants (benzalkonium chloride 0.05–0.5%, chlorhexidine 0.2–4.0% or octenidine dihydrochloride 0.1–2.0%). Quaternary ammonium compounds Also known as Quats or QAC’s, include the chemicals benzalkonium chloride (BAC), cetyl trimethylammonium bromide (CTMB), cetylpyridinium chloride (Cetrim, CPC) and benzethonium chloride (BZT). Benzalkonium chloride is used in some pre-operative skin disinfectants (conc. 0.05–0.5%) and antiseptic towels. The antimicrobial activity of Quats is inactivated by anionic surfactants, such as soaps. Related disinfectants include chlorhexidine and octenidine. Boric acid Used in suppositories to treat…

Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia

The review of literature was conducted using the following databases CINAHL, PubMed and Medline using the keywords oral care, mouth care, ventilator-associated pneumonia, ventilator, critical care and hygiene. Of the articles retrieved there were randomized, nonrandomized and quasi experimental. Location of the studies included single centers to university hospital settings in multiple critical care units. Results of the studies were difficult to compare due to the different methodologies, interventions and protocols used in each study. Standard oral protocols were used and revised and new protocols were added to the ventilator bundle. The main themes identified were oral care with chlorahexadine, chlorahexadine with other product and other products. The findings are discussed in the following sections that follow. Grap et al…