The Indian feed industry is about 35 years old. It is mainly restricted to dairy and poultry feed manufacturing. The quality standards of Indian feeds are high and up to international levels. Raw materials for feed are adequately available in India. The industry’s poultry feed production is about 3.0 million tonnes, which represents only 5 percent of the total potential and feed exports are not very high. The Indian animal feed industry is undergoing a very exciting phase of growth for the next decade.
The regions of Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and coastal areas are rich in the production of animal feed due to high crop cultivation and industrial setups that give animal feed as the by product.
Growth promotional activities
The indian animal feed industry has modern computerized plants and the latest equipment for analytical procedures and least-cost ration formulation and it employs the latest manufacturing technology. In India, most research work on animal feeds is practical and focuses on the use of by-products, the upgrading of ingredients and the enhancing of productivity. The country has entered into a period of liberalization and this is bound to influence the livestock industry. There is no shortage of compound animal feeds anywhere in the country.
The organized sector of the compound feed industry is facing serious problems resulting from a huge idle capacity, to the extent of 50 percent or more. New capacities are being added by global participants of the feed business and by national as well as multinational integrators. The nature of animal feed and the poultry feed industry has completely changed.
Meat-meal, fishmeal, bone- meal and dicalcium phosphate of bone origin are the common raw materials available for animal feeding. Fishmeal and meat-meal were popularly used in poultry feed, but the increased production improved availability and better awareness of soybean meal that led to replacing fishmeal and meat-meal in most poultry rations.
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