Almost 1/3 of life is spent in sleeping. People who always dreams in their sleep often wonder why dreaming occurs. It is vital for individuals to study dreams and its content. Studying the nature of dream can help people resolve problems in their lives and put focus on things that will bring them good fortune. This paper will discuss more about dreams and why do people have them. The causes of dreaming are hard to determine. There are people who consider dreaming as a mystery that occurs during sleep. The main goal of sleeping is to rest one’s tired body and prepare for tomorrow’s activity.
There are cases when dreaming is obviously related to a person’s life. Falling asleep while thinking of current issues and problems can cause one to dream and continue thinking in his/her sleep. For some reasons, people uses sleep to temporarily escape from reality but dreams makes them remembers the current situation that they are into. The usual things that people dream about are the things that they dream to have in reality. During sleep specific brain neurons are activated, these include the areas responsible for laughing or running.
In order to make sense in activating these specific neurons, the brain produces dream based on simulation synthesis called as “activation-synthesis hypothesis” of dreaming (Benjamin, Hopkins & Nation, 1994, p. 187). this view does not account for the seemingly random dream content that often occurs, and it is consistent with the neurological changes known to accompany REM sleep. Dreams are also way of how people can resolve conflict. It is an interpretation that one can define once awake in order to settle problems. It also serves as premonition for future events or a way of finding answers to current dilemmas.
Another explanation of dreams proposes that they may also serve a physiological function. Perhaps dreams—or the associated brain activity of REM sleep—provide the sleeping brain with periodic stimulation. Stimulating experiences and develops and preserves the brain’s neural pathways. This theory makes sense from a developmental point of view. Infants, whose neural networks are just developing, spend a great deal of time in REM sleep (Palumbo, 2001, p. 157). Still other physiological theories propose that dreams erupt from neural activity that spreads upward from the brainstem.
The neural activity in the brain during one’s sleep is random. It is in dreaming that the brain makes sense in this activity. There are also claims that dreams are part of dramatic hallucinations of people while sleeping (Pagel, 2008, p. 117). Given these visual scenes, our cognitive machinery weaves a story line. Mix in the emotional tone provided by the limbic system (which becomes active during REM sleep) and—voila! —we dream. This helps explain many of our dream experiences, such as the sudden and bizarre changes in scene.
The most vivid dream images are the surprising, discontinuous aspects of the dream; other less vivid images we presumably conjure up to string the visual bursts together. Analyzing and interpreting dream is still a controversial topic to be discussed. There are various notions that tries to dissect the causes of dreams in order to fully understand the concept of dreaming. A number of disparate views on this subject exist, ranging from the notion that all dreams are interpretable in a psychoanalytic framework to the idea that dream content is essentially randomly generated from the memory stores of the brain and thus meaningless.
People remains in the middle of these findings and continue to believe that aside from physiological factors, dreams probably have meaning for the dreamer and may be accurately interpreted by the dreamer or by someone who knows the dreamer well. References: Benjamon, L. , Hopkins, J. & Nation, J. (1994). Psychology of Dreaming. New York: Macmillan Publishing. P. 187. Pagel, J. (2008). The Limits of Dream: A Scientific Exploration of the Mind / Brain Interface. U. S: Academic Press. p. 117. Palumbo, S. R. (2001). Dreaming and memory: A new information-processing model. New York: Basic Books. p. 157.