There have been many New Zealand Wars which have impacted the Maori. Throughout the history of New Zealand there have been several wars and all of them having different causes and effects. The Wars starting after the treaty, with wars like the Wairau incident, Kingitanga movement these wars have affected the Maori for a long time.
The most important reason being the cause of the wars was the treaty and the different interpretations of the treaty being the Maori and English Versions of the Treaty where as there was a miscommunication that happened between the word ‘Kawanatanga’ and ‘Sovereignty’- an example being in Article One the Maori Version having: “Chiefs gave the queen ‘te Kawanatanga Katoa’ – the governance over the land.” And the English Version has: “Chiefs gave the queen ‘all rights and powers of sovereignty’ over the land.” This Miscommunication causing mass conflict between the Maori and English as they put faith in the treaty and were disappointed at the fact that the European Authority who ignored the conditions that both the Maori and English agreed on at the signing of the treaty.
Conditions of Britain led to the Mass Migration and sky-rocket the demand for land by settlers as they were looking for a better life in a New World. The population in 1801 changed from 16 million to 26 million in 1841 as a wave of European settled in New Zealand. But the New Zealand Company overcame all of the barriers. Investors in the company were all promised 100 acres of farmland and one town acre; the 1,000 orders were taken within a month. To tackle the negatives of New Zealand were covered up by the company using pamphlets and broadsheets to promote the country of New Zealand ‘the Britain of the South’, a fertile land with a warm climate and free of activities of class war and starvation on the streets.
The partially owned land made good by land purchases from Maori, one of which leading to the Wairau Incident in Marlborough. Gibbon Wakefield’s neat and fancy in it all plans didn’t work out as there was a lack of useable land. As an outcome of the New Zealand Company’s policy the community of European people increased to 28,000. The New Zealand Company had established the outlines of immigration from Britain to New Zealand, setting in place the promotional pitch that were used by the region and in later years the government.
Governor Grey attacked the British Colonial Office with proposals of a new plan that he thought would be appropriate for New Zealand’s situation. He established the principles that this vote should be extended that rapid colonisation combined with peace and prosperity would soon fuse the ‘two races into one nation’. The voting rights for the national government were property-based. Even with the qualifications required to be able to vote were put similarly low; it was very democratic at the time. While Maori owned land, it was owned collectively rather than individuals. The Maori charter was delayed by the court decision that communal ownership did not give the vote.
The New Zealand Company’s Nelson settlement needed over 1000 allocations of 201 acres each, which had to be ‘fertile, productive land’. Over 200,000 acres were required, of which was almost a tenth of the ‘Native Tenths Reserves’. But there wasn’t enough suitable land, early 1843 company were sent to the unpurchased Wairau lands. Ngati Toa chiefs immediately asked that their land not be apart in the company’s ‘purchases’. After months of protests, the Ngati Toa chiefs evicted the surveyors and burnt down their shelters. Police Magistrate Henry Thompson responded to this by arming a militia in an attempt to arrest the chiefs at Wairau. On June 17 the whole situation fell apart as the confrontation ended in 20 Europeans and 4 Maori were killed.
Courtney from Study Moose
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