Both the opposites complement each other to portray wholeness. Neither is superior to other and in order to achieve harmony both sides must be equal. Yin is stated to be feminine whereas yang is considered masculine. 2. The main scripture in Daoism is the Daodejing (Tao Te Ching). What is the history and importance of this text for the tradition? Daodejing is considered to be as one of the world’s greatest books. It is accepted as the central scripture among Daoists. Because of its brevity and succinctness, it has a major influence on the Chinese culture.
The book is considered to be written in 350BC. It has been found in many tombs which show ancient text which is slightly different to the one being used today. It has passages which focuses on things like reaching trance states and attaining invulnerability. It was considered to more political in nature, like a handbook for rulers. Some see it as religious guide for living in harmony. 3. How are Daoist ideals expressed through art? Offer several examples.
Daoism doesn’t sit well with the people in the era of globalization. It is known that Daoism principles are a bit backward which can let down the process of knowledge gathering. Modern world seeks knowledge without wisdom which Daoism is not known for. The state is ruled by followers of Daoism which defeats the purpose of secularism in world. Due to its tough practices and the flexibility offered by other faiths people are moving to other religions.
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Daoism Worksheet REL/133 Version 4 3 References: Bokenkamp, Stephen. Ancestors and Anxiety: Daoism and the Birth of Rebirth in China. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2009. A scholarly investigation of the interaction of Daoism and Buddhism in the China of the third to the sixth centuries. Jones, Stephen. In Search of the Folk Daoists of North China. Williston, VT: Ashgate, 2010. A specialist’s investigation of contemporary Daoist ritual and music, based on fieldwork done in China. Kidd, David. Peking Story. 2nd ed.
New York: Clarkson Potter, 1988. A description by a unique individual of life in an aristocratic family at the time of the Communist Revolution. Kohn, Livia. Daoism and Chinese Culture. Cambridge, MA: Three Pines Press, 2001. A summary of the history and essentials of the religion, with attention to new interpretations that have emerged in the past thirty years. Molloy, M. (2008). Experiencing the world’s religions: Tradition, challenge, and change. Boston: McGraw Hill Higher Education. COPYRIGHT © 2014 BY UNIVERSITY OF PHOENIX. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.