Carbon fibre reinforcement polymer (CFRP) is an extremely strong and light which contains carbon fiber. Carbon Fibre Reinforced Polymer (CFRP) composite have been widely used in various applications especially used in the fabrication of aerospace structures and formula one body structures. Because of their low density, high strength and rigidity, excellent resistances to impacting and corrosion, CFRPs are widely applicable in various important structural components. Other fibers like Kevlar, glass fibers, and aluminum may also be used along with carbon fibers.
Carbon fiber reinforced polymer-matrix composites (CFRPs) are manufactured by carbon fibers and resin under specific conditions. Especially in the field of spaceflight and aviation, CFRPs are exhibiting incomparable potential. Carbon fiber composites are considered for several reasons of properties. Here are a few:
a) High tensile strength – one of the strongest of all commercial reinforcing fibers when it comes to tension, carbon fiber is very difficult to stretch or bend. b) Low thermal expansion – carbon fiber will expand or contract much less in hot or cold conditions than materials like steel and aluminium. ) Lightweight – carbon fiber is a low density material with a very high strength to weight ratio. d) Corrosion-resistance – when made with the appropriate resins, carbon fiber is one of the most corrosion-resistant materials available. e) Exceptional durability – carbon fiber has superior fatigue properties compared to metal, meaning components made of carbon fiber won’t wear out as quickly under the stress of constant use. f) Electrical conductivity – carbon fiber composites are an excellent conductor of electricity. ) Radiolucence – carbon fiber is transparent to radiation and invisible in x-rays, making it valuable for usage in medical equipment and facilities. h) Ultra-violet resistant – carbon fiber can be UV resistant with use of the proper resins.
Disadvantages of Carbon fibre reinforcement polymer (CFRP) Although carbon fiber can be relatively expensive, there are used to make aircraft and spacecraft parts, racing car bodies, golf club shafts, bicycle frames, fishing rods, automobile springs, sailboat masts, and many other components where light weight and high strength are needed. Today, carbon fibers are an important part of many products, and new applications are being industrial every year.
Relative cost – carbon fiber is a high quality material with a price to match. While prices have dropped significantly in the past five years, demand has not increased enough to increase the supply substantially. As a result, prices will likely remain the same for the near future. Carbon fiber will break or shatter when it’s compressed, pushed beyond its strength capabilities or exposed to high impact. It will crack if hit by a hammer. Machining and holes can also create weak areas that may increase its likelihood of breaking.