There are three different types of additional needs, these three are: Physical, cognitive and sensory. The reason why people experience additional needs are: Genetic, environmental/accidents- such as: sickness or disease. A physical need is something that affected individuals in a physical way, such as: Dwarfism affects people physically since it can be harder for them to do certain physical things the same as somebody who doesn’t suffer from a physical additional need. A cognitive need is something that affects individual’s intectually – the brain. This can be caused by a lot of things such as: environment and genetics etc. Lastly a sensory need affects a person’s senses, such as: hearing, touch, sight and smell. Physical need: Cerebral Palsy
Cerebral palsy affects a child’s movement and coordination and that why it is a physical additional need. Cerebral palsy is caused by damage to the brain, which usually occurs before, during or soon after birth. Known possible causes of cerebral palsy include: premature birth or bleeding in the baby’s brain. There are also many different types of cerebral palsy that can affect a child, for example: (Athetoid (dyskinetic) Cerebral Palsy and Ataxic Cerebral Palsy.
http://www.scope.org.uk/help-and-information/cerebral-palsy/further-info-on-cp) (It is also estimated that 1 in every 400 children in the UK is affected by cerebral palsy. http://www.bbc.co.uk/health/physical_health/conditions/cerebralpalsy1.shtml). Unfortunately there is no cure for Cerebral Palsy but there is a wide range of treatments to help relieve the service user. Lastly cerebral palsy is not genetic since it happens during or just after pregnancy.
Having cerebral palsy may affect an individual’s development since: individuals may suffer with muscle stiffness, and this could affect a person’s physical development since they may not be able to run around or carry out physical activities with their peers. A person with Cerebral Palsy could suffer with speech problems, and this could affect the person’s social development, this is because they may have low confidence with their ability to speak, and they may think that other people may find it hard to understand them, and ultimately could affect their social development. These are just a few things I have discussed that could affect a person who has Cerebral palsy.