Do you know the most famous Festival of China? Have you ever heard about that Korea has conflict with China in the traditional cultural field? In order to call on people to realize the importance of Chinese own traditional culture and Cultural Identity, the research paper writes about Chinese Traditional culture, and make a questionnaire about ten questions to investigate people.
By introducing the festivals and asking the questions, it tends to accomplish the goal that makes more and more young people know “What is Dragon Boat Festival?” “Dragon Boat Festival belongs to China” “Why the traditional culture is important?” As what mentioned above, there is a conflict about Dragon Boat Festival between China and Korea. Korea supplied Dragon Boat Festival to be its own World Culture Heritage successfully.
It shows that the young generation needs to improve the cultural identity and Chinese government needs to pay more attention about the part of traditional culture. Chinese government should be awake to make more useful policies to disseminate Chinese own traditional culture and cherish it. In Culture field, enhancing the national cohesion is an important strategic task. This research report will present the survey about Chinese Traditional Culture and the further questions.
• Background and history
The origin of Dragon Boat Festival centers around a scholarly government official named Qu Yuan. He was a good and respected man, but because of the misdeeds of jealous rivals he eventually fell into disfavor in the emperor’s court. Unable to regain the respect of the emperor, in his sorrow Qu Yuan threw himself into the Mi Luo River.
He drowned on the fifth day of the fifth lunar month in 277 BC. Since ancient times, Chinese people threw into the water dumpling made of glutinous rice wrapped in bamboo or reed leaves on the day. Therefore, the fish would eat the rice rather than the hero Qu Yuan. This later on turned into the custom of eating Zong zi, and Dragon Boat racing.
Nowadays, the young people in China always celebrate the festivals which are from western; they are not interested in the festivals from their own country. This is a social problem that needs to be solved. In order to pass on the traditional culture in different forms, the government needs to do a lot of works from many different ways.
• Purpose of research
1. In order to make everyone know the Chinese Traditional Festivals. 2. Disseminating Traditional Culture.
3. To call on the people to realize the importance of the Traditional Culture. 4. To make government pay more attention about this part.
5. To prevent the loss of traditional culture
• Inclusion- Exclusion Criteria
The inclusion criteria are liberal, including newspapers, journal articles, conference papers, unpublished manuscripts, books, book chapters. The resources that do not mentioned issues related to Chinese Traditional Festivals or the importance of the traditional culture are excluded.
• Literature Search
Upon entering the keywords Chinese Traditional Festivals and the importance of culture, there are many databases in library. And there are few books as well. Table 1 includes a listing and summary of each of them.
Table 1: comparison Table of literature review
Purpose and summary
To examine Chinese Traditional Festivals. China is a country with an ancient oriental civilization. Its long history and fine tradition have provided it with the most fertile soil for the growth of the traditional festivals. Zhang Zhiyuan
This article presents a brief account of traditional Chinese festival customs. The Chinese traditional festival customs reflect traditional ethics and moral principles. The ancient Chinese paid great attention to worshipping Heaven and ancestors. To make people know the traditional culture. Kent, Dave
This article presents a brief account of traditional Chinese festival customs. The Chinese traditional festival customs reflect traditional ethics and moral principles. The ancient Chinese paid great attention to worshipping Heaven and ancestors.
The article focuses on the Dragon Boat Festival, a world intangible cultural heritage, which is celebrated by all Chinese on the fifth day of the fifth month of the Chinese lunar calendar. The two most important activities during the festival are presented which are the dragon boat racing and the eating of rice dumplings, but also include burning Chinese herbs and drinking realgar liquor. The origin of the festival, which was a way for people to avoid the back luck associated with the date, is discussed.
The article presents information on the history of dragon boat racing in China. The dragon boat race is a growing water sport. Dirlik, Arif
This article reflects on the existence of the different culture of Chinese. He added that culture can be understood in its material aspect which leads inevitably to the privilege of having difference as a condition of cultural existence
The method of this research is quantitative, and most of information in the research is subjective. The populations are befitting for this research is better from different counties. Different countries, genders, ages, and identities could supply different view of points to the questions, which the research asks. It is best that the participants from different counties, so that the research could study more further about the different perspectives from different counties’ people.
And it will be best if the participants are interesting in Chinese traditional culture that could be very helpful to the results. Actually, the participants are almost the students from University Massachusetts of Lowell. Most of them are males, and all of them are between 18-25 years old. As the limitation, the sampling of survey is not very wide, and the samples of this research are all students from University Massachusetts of Lowell. Half of them are randomly select from Email. And few of the samples are researcher asked to review and answer the questionnaire. Contend of questionnaire
The content of questionnaire includes much information. And it can be classified into three parts. The first part is to ask about basic information of participants, such as age, gender, nationality. It intends to analyze the feedbacks from different aspects of ages, genders, nationalities. The second part is to ask some simple questions about China to the participants, and it intends to differentiate whether the participants know the situation and background well or not.
It could help researcher get clearly information from participants. The last part is to ask some further questions about Chinese traditional culture, like “Have you ever heard of the event about Dragon Boat Festival happened between China and Korea?” “Which policy do you think is best to protect the traditional culture?” Each of this kind of question gives four options, and it intends to get the different perspectives about Chinese traditional culture. Types of question
There are three types of questions in the questionnaire, and the first one is demographic question. It asks the participants about the gender, age, and nationality. The second type of question is open question. It asks the participants for their own view of point to the questions, which are relevant to Chinese traditional culture. The third type of question is closed question. It gives four or more options for participants to choose one, which could express their own opinion appropriately.
The reactions of respondents are almost about that the participants who come from foreign counties cannot clearly comprehend the meaning or effect of the cultural problem of China and some background history. And most of the participants show their interest of Chinese traditional foods. Actually, besides the participants who are Chinese, the other people are hardly to answer some further questions about policy of protecting culture, as they lack the background knowledge about China and Chinese society.
There were some grammar mistakes in the question and option of the questionnaire. According to the questionnaire is not only for Chinese students to answer, it is better to add some background make everyone understand more clearly. Data collection procedures
The procedure of collecting data is better to prepared well. The first step is to organize the questions and options clearly, making sure that is easy to understand and answer. The second step is that no matter the way researcher choose to survey, preparing enough questionnaires for backup, avoiding the situation that there is no more questionnaire for participant.
The third step is to survey. Give the questionnaire to participants by Email and printout. The fourth step is to wait for the participants to give the questionnaires back. The sixth step is to calculate the total participants and analyze the responses of questionnaires. Justification