Important: The actual test will cover 20 multiple choice questions 20 fill in the blanks questions, and five short questions (2-4 sentences). There won’t be any choices. Test duration is 60 minutes. Actual questions will come from the following topics:
1. Flowchart by Wall and Wright (1977) – what does the chart illustrate? 2. Mountain resource characteristics – six characteristics 3. Trail impacts in Mt. Robson Park – indicators of trail impacts 4. Visitation levels at Berg Lake and Mt. Fitzwilliam trails 5. Survey techniques of trail assessment
6. Vegetation impacts 7. Amount of research (recreation and tourism related) conducted on water and air quality issues compared to soil and vegetation 8. National park goals in Canada 9. Three different types of relationship that is possible between tourism and environment 10. Concept of resistance and resiliency in the context of vegetation impacts 11. Classification system for assessing recreation/tourism impacts on wildlife 12. Spatial features exhibited by recreation/tourism impacts 13. Changes in species composition due to recreational/tourism impacts 14. Implications of national parks on local communities. Problems caused by national park on local communities as in the case of Thailand. 15. Soil cycle
16. Reasons why the quality of environment is important to tourism 17. Factors influencing the type and amount of tourism impacts 18. Concept of tourist center, front country and backcountry areas and specific types of activities in these areas. 19. The relationship between snowmobile and deer
20. Primary consequences of doing nothing about the environment 21. Similarities and Differences between Canadian and Thai national park objectives 22. Environmental impacts caused by recreation and tourism on soil and vegetation 23. IUCN and its categories of protected areas
24. The importance of water in Thai culture 25. Camping related issues in Thailand’s national parks 26. The new paradigm of tourism in Thailand’s national parks 27. What steps are being taken in some national parks to minimize the effects of large scale tourism development? 28. The significance of studying tourism’s impact in Canadian parks like Mt. Robson 29. Different types of culture – high and low, mainstream and ethnic, indigenous and aboriginal 30. Meanings of indigenous and aboriginal culture
31. Possible outcomes of ethnic tourism 32. Primordial vs instrumental classification of culture 33. Why can’t cultural impacts be measured? 34. Authenticity vs. authentication 35. Wang’s classification of authenticity 36. Commodification and commoditization 37. Dimensions of authenticity 38. What is so distinct about aboriginal cultures (as it relates to the differences with mainstream culture)?
39. How is camping different in Thailand compared to Canada? 40. Why is it important to pay attention to the needs of local communities surrounding a national park? 41. What is/are permissible activities in a Thai national park? 42. The relationship between tourism and national park 43. Stakeholders in cultural tourism 44. Demonstration effect of tourism on Tibetans in Dharmashala 45. Cultural issues in Dharmasala – commodification