A study in Haryana Agricultural University Campus of Hisar City was conducted by taking 100 respondents to study the mode of garbage disposal by urban families. Results revealed that majority of the respondents were not satisfied by theirexisting mode of garbage disposal outside the home and were interested in effective management of garbage at household level.
The condition of environment is of vitalconcern for mankind, since it is directly linked with human welfare. The sheer size of many cities and their runaway growth rates makes the growth rate alarming of wastes. A sample survey indicated that about 350-400 grams of per capita per day solid waste is generated in an average Indian town. Collection and disposal of solidwaste alone already consumes upto 50 per cent of some municipal operating budgets and only 50-70 per cent of urban trash is usually collected (Kala and Khan, 1994).
Organic waste is the component of solid waste which when left uncleared causes various infectious diseases Generally, people use to throw garbage all around the Municipal committee bins and not inside the bin. Some don’t even bother to come near the bin and throw garbage in open spaces or parks. Most people feel that the job of keeping neighbourhood clean is that of Municipal corporation. Generally people don’t dispose the garbage properly and dump it almost anywhere outside the house. The present study was thus planned to study the mode of garbage disposal by urban families.
The present study was undertaken in Haryana state by selecting Hisar city from Hisar districtpurposively. Haryana Agricultural University Campus was selected purposively to draw a sample of 100 respondents, 50 from multistoried building and 50 from independent ground floor houses randomly. The mode of garbage disposal by urban families was studied with the help of pretested interview schedule and participatory approach. The data collected were transformed into master tables along with frequency distribution and
percentages were worked out.
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
Placement and Type of Bin: Data in Table
1 revealed the information regarding placement and type of bin. It was found that bins were placed in kitchen by all the respondents followed by those who also had bins in bedroom (60.0%) and courtyard (40.0%). Plastic material bins were used by the respondents in kitchen (100%), bedroom (100%) and courtyard (75%). Only 25.0per cent bins placed in courtyard were of iron material. One third of the respondents (33.3%) had covered bins in the bedroom while rest were uncovered. In kitchen the corresponding figures were 25.0 per cent and 75.0 per cent. All the bins placed in courtyard were uncovered. It may be concluded that kitchen bins were available to all the respondents followed by Spread of foul smell, nuisance by animals and not cleaning of bins seen to be the major problem outside the home while habitual practice of family members was identified as major problem inside home.
This revealed that the problem should be minimized at the household level, actions at individual level and community level in terms of consciousness about the problem and its serious consequences should be made common to all concerned. Motivation improvement is required at individual as well as community level to have clean and healthy environment which will prove a good sign to minimize the problem of garbage disposal at community level. Thus, it is imperative to organize community level educational and training programmes for various section of the society which can be undertaken by health education and other related institutions on.