There are 11 components of physical fitness. 5 of these components are health-related and 6 are skill- or sport-related. For the next several weeks we will define/discuss each aspect and I will give some examples of exercises or drills that will help improve upon each.
Of the 5 health-related components, we have cardiovascular strength & endurance, muscle strength, muscle endurance, body composition, and flexibility. These components are the ones that every individual needs to be aware of and to work on everyday. Whether you are an athlete or not, this components affect your quality of life and your health. For example, if you are lacking in flexibility you may have a difficult time putting on a jacket. Your chest and shoulders may be so tight that they do not allow you to reach back to put your arm in the other sleeve. Also, your body composition could hinder this process also. So no matter who you are, include an exercise that complements each component.
The 6 skill- or sport-related components are agility, balance, coordination, muscle power, speed of foot, and speed of reactions. These components are very important on the playing field but they are also important in everyday life. For example, say you are walking in the grocery store and suddenly a cart come from the side aisle. You need agility and balance as well as reaction speed to avoid being hit by that cart. If you were lacking on these components, you may be hit by the cart or fall while trying to avoid it. So, I like to see everyone as an athlete because we each need all of the components of physical fitness to move comfortably through life.
As we move through the components in the following blogs, please ask questions. I am constantly reading and researching to learn more. There may be something you want to know more beyond what I post. I can promise you I do not have all the answers, but I do have the resources to find them for you. I look forward to taking you on this journey of discovering physical fitness.
Courtney from Study Moose
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