National Integration is a feeling that binds together the citizens of our country and make us to think and act as if we are one. India is a land of diversity. There are many languages, religions, castes, races and cultures in India. Since ancient times, people belonging to different communities, races, religion and cultural groups have been living in harmony. Toleration is characteristic feature of India’s culture and heritage. During the Mughal and British rule, there had been many attempts to weaken this unity. Using the policy of divide and rule, they created a disunity among the people by instigating communal feelings.
National Integration is of great significance in a country like India where varied cultures, religions and languages exist. Integration is not achieved in India because of communalism, castism and linguistic differences. The need for national integration is of utmost importance at this period of India’s history. National integration is very essential for social peace and harmony. No progress can be made in the field of art, literature, science, technology and economy without integration. India cannot play an effective role in the international arena unless she sets her own house in order. We cannot enjoy peace and security unless there is mutual trust and good will among all sections of our people.
For national integration , it is very essential that people should give up communal and sectarial outlook. They should consider themselves as Indians first and Indians last .The evils of casteism and linguistic isolation should be rooted out. Economic inequalities among the people should also be removed. Only in this manner can we lay the foundation of a strong and united India.